Tokayev on recovery after COVID-19, climate crisis and humanitarian situation in Afghanistan
President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev in the General Debates of the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly spoke.
In his speech, the President drew attention to three challenges facing the world. These are: recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, the climate crisis and the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan.
– The economic and social consequences are still severe. Unemployment soared, and millions lost their livelihoods. Today, more than 130 million people live in poverty. Many years of progress in development can be wasted. The pandemic has highlighted our weaknesses in many areas and highlighted the importance of multi-materialism and international cooperation. We must build the most just, stable and humane world. It is necessary to start with the provision of a universal and fair principle of access to vaccines. Global ethics and loyalty should be guided in solving this problem, – said Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev.
The President proposed to expand global access to vaccines as quickly as possible and expressed readiness to share vaccines on a bilateral basis or between COVAX systems.
The Head of State noted that very high levels of carbon dioxide, forest fires, cyclones, floods and droughts are becoming a normal cause of human casualties.
– The climate of Kazakhstan, a large landlocked country, is changing rapidly, threatening our people and our economy. Over the past 75 years, the average annual temperature has warmed by 2 degrees, and now there is a drought every five years. In this regard, Kazakhstan aims to become a carbon-free country by 2060. Starting next month, we will begin to develop a national low-carbon strategy until 2050, aimed at reducing energy consumption by 50% of GDP compared to 2008 levels, – said the President of Kazakhstan.
Touching upon the situation in Afghanistan, the President welcomed the call of the UN Security Council to form a new government that is inclusive and elected through negotiations.
– Kazakhstan wants Afghanistan to be an independent and sovereign state in the future, united and at peace with its neighbors. Afghanistan must continue to meet its international obligations and not turn its territory into a hotbed of terrorists, drug traffickers and traffickers. Regardless of our political or personal views, we cannot be indifferent to the fate of the Afghan people. We need to focus on the difficult humanitarian situation in Afghanistan. UN agencies and other humanitarian organizations must be provided with fast, safe and unhindered humanitarian access, – said Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev.
Kazakhstan promptly evacuated the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan and other UN units in Afghanistan. He also said that we are ready to provide a transportation platform and make a significant contribution to the delivery of humanitarian aid to Afghanistan.
The President stressed that he intends to raise a number of other important issues on the UN agenda, including the need to intensify work in the field of disarmament. Kazakhstan calls on nuclear-weapon states to renounce nuclear weapons by 2045 on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the United Nations.
According to the World Food Program, 270 million people will experience food shortages this year.
– Kazakhstan is the largest producer and exporter of wheat. He is also one of the founders of the Islamic Food Security Organization. Its fourth General Assembly was held in the capital last month. We invite foreign investors for a bright future of sustainable agriculture, – said Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev.
According to the President, sustainable development depends not only on economic growth, but also on social and political development. Kazakhstan has been a mature and experienced country for 30 years. It seeks to strengthen its commitment to democracy and to promote greater citizen participation in governance.
– We can not stop with these achievements. Our goal is to further increase the efficiency of the state, the transparency and competitiveness of the political process. Political and economic reforms will continue to develop rapidly. In January this year, Kazakhstan ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aimed at abolishing the death penalty. In June, the Government approved a plan of urgent measures in the field of human rights. It laid a long-term institutional framework. Working closely with our international partners, we will make every effort to eradicate human trafficking. This requires global cooperation. We have nominated our candidacy to join the UN Human Rights Council in 2022-2024.
Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev said that Kazakhstan’s regional policy is aimed at the policy of “zero result” in the “Big Game” and the gradual transfer of the principle of the rule of law to real cooperation and the Great Benefit for the peoples of Central Asia.
– This will allow the world community to actively cooperate with Kazakhstan and Central Asia. We look forward to establishing a regional dialogue with key countries outside the region in the C5 + format. Within the framework of such partnerships, we focus on issues related to water resources, including water scarcity, poor quality and inefficient use. Water security in our region is directly related to energy, food and the environment. Despite the different interests of other countries, Kazakhstan still proposes to establish a regional water and hydropower consortium to coordinate strategies aimed at achieving a common goal, – said the President.
The President noted that Kazakhstan, located at the Eurasian crossroads of civilizations, still pursues a balanced and constructive foreign policy.
Source: Kazakhtan 2050