Sustainable development: continuity of Kazakhstan and world experience
In 2015, the United Nations adopted the Sustainable Development Agenda for the period up to 2030, covering 17 goals in the field of sustainable development. Like other UN member states, Kazakhstan has identified the challenge of achieving sustainable development for its present and future generations. The most urgent issues of sustainable development were discussed at the First Kazakhstan Forum on Sustainable Development within the framework of the AEF with the participation of Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin. Read more in the following article.
In 2018, with the assistance of the UN Agencies and the Asian Development Bank, Kazakhstan introduced institutional architecture, including the Coordinating Council, five working groups and the Coordinating Council to facilitate the achievement of the MDGs for the year 2030.
Kazakhstan’s national approach and achievements in the MDMs will be presented in the United Nations Assembly in July 2019 at the High-Level Political Forum in the form of a Voluntary National Report. In order to explore international best practices in achieving the MDGs, it is necessary to provide Kazakhstan with an active partnership and exchange of experience between the Government and international experts.
Speakers provide practical solutions for Kazakhstan to achieve progress on the MDG agenda.
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin noted that for the first time Kazakhstan is hosting a forum on sustainable development.
“Social responsibility, inclusiveness, and economic responsibility are important when implementing national growth at any cost. The Government of Kazakhstan fully supports the views on equilibrium, quality and environmental cleanliness on these issues. More than 15 sustainable development goals are in our country’s plans as the key plans and key strategies. It includes education, social and health care, environmental protection. In recent years it has grown 4 times up to 10 thousand dollars. We also cover small and medium-sized businesses, “said Askar Mamin.
According to the Prime Minister, the main goal of the country is to become one of the top 30 countries.
“Kazakhstan is working intensively for this purpose. Now our country has 80th place among 183 countries. The events taking place in the Republic of Kazakhstan have gained popularity in the world. It also responds to many ratings. At the same time, Kazakhstan has signed and participated in the Kyoto Protocol in connection with climate change. He also took part in talks in Paris in 2016. In 2017, the international exhibition EXPO-2017 covered the theme of “green economy”. It was one of the environment and nature improvement activities. In this regard, it is important to attract investments. One of the main goals is to open opportunities for green investments and develop it in Kazakhstan. Our country adheres to a peaceful attitude. Indexes are among the peaceful countries. If, With regard to sustainable development goals, it is included in the country’s projects. In particular, the Government supports the initiatives of the United Nations, “the Prime Minister said.
At the end of his speech, A.Mamin expressed confidence that the Forum will continue to support the initiatives.
In turn, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Armidia Salcia said that it is a great honor to be attending the Astana Economic Forum in Alishahana.
“Taking advantage of opportunities for sustainable development, we will focus on what issues we should focus on and what we should do to achieve sustainable development goals in 2030. Priorities of Kazakhstan prior to 2050 are the measures that will be included in the agenda. Priority areas are the transformation of the country, the development of education and the social status of the poor. Equally important is the equality of education and health services, “said Salmie Alishahba.
He also said that, given the goals, the state is in the process of modernizing its economy, developing human capital and making the business climate more competitive.
“The middle class in Kazakhstan has grown considerably. Nowadays, the country is investing heavily in its entry into the top 30 human development countries. It also outlined 80% of its sustainable development strategy. The achievement of sustainable development goals should further accelerate this process. There are certain issues at the regional and subregional level, and they need to have a clear foundation. Kazakhstan should be able to overcome many difficult issues. We know that there are various issues in Central Asia and the Pacific. Not all of the 17 sustainable development goals are fully realized. However, poverty eradication, lifelong learning and affordable clean energy are under implementation, “the UN Under-Secretary-General said.
The President of Colombia (2010-2018), Nobel Peace Prize laureate Juan Manuel Santos, in 2016, noted that Colombia is a country that has progressed towards sustainable development and that good ideas are becoming a reality.
“Sustainable development goals should be realized not only by developing countries, but also by developed countries. We have completely changed our policy. The country is very diverse and consists of various regions. The same is true in Kazakhstan. There are different regions. The situation in the region is different. That’s why it is necessary to think effectively and to set and implement sustainable development goals. The state should be supported by the authorities. It is not only internal but also external work, “he said.
Juan Manuel Santos also said there is a center for sustainable development in Colombia.
“In recent years, there has been a change in sustainable development. However, we need to work more efficiently. I believe these proposals and recommendations will promote sustainable development, “he said.
It’s worth noting that this year’s theme of the XII Astana Economic Forum is “Inspirational Growth: People, Cities, Economy”. About 50,000 delegates from 150 countries, including more than 20 Nobel laureates and more than 30 top foreign politicians and diplomats.
Source: Kazakhtan 2050