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ASTANA, On the same day – February 14, 1994, during the official visit to the United States of America, President Nursultan Nazarbayev presented the bill of ratification to President Bill Clinton as the Nuclear Weapons Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
From that moment on, Kazakhstan officially joined the NPT as a nuclear-free state. A great deal of work has been done on the wise and decisive decision of the Head of State to close the Semipalatinsk test site, to deny the nuclear status and to remove all nuclear weapons that were inherited from the collapse of the USSR.
On May 23, 1992, we signed the Lisbon Protocol to the Treaty between the USSR and the US with a Strategic Arms Reduction and Restriction Measurement Agreement with Belarus and Ukraine, and we assume the obligation to join the NPT as a nuclear-free state.
As of the beginning of 1991, it was worth mentioning that on the territory of Kazakhstan there is a large arsenal of weapons of mass destruction, covering nuclear warheads for 1216 nuclear missiles and heavy bombers for intercontinental ballistic missiles.
Kazakhstan’s accession to the NPT was based on the good will of the world free from nuclear weapons and became an important milestone in the country’s foreign policy course.
The NPT is the cornerstone of international efforts aimed at preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons and, ultimately, their complete abolition, as well as the peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
As an active supporter of the global nuclear disarmament and strengthening of the global nuclear nonproliferation regime, Kazakhstan supports the strict implementation of the Treaty provisions by all parties.
The NPT remains a unique document, since there is no other international agreement on nuclear-related and nuclear-free states.
On January 18, 2018, at the briefing of the UN Security Council on the Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Confidence Building Measures. Nazarbayev proposed a number of initiatives, in particular, to develop measures to complicate the withdrawal from the NPT and to impose penalties on countries that violate the Treaty provisions.
Kazakhstan intends to continue implementation of the initiatives of the Head of State aimed at reaching a world free of nuclear threat in 2045 on the 100th anniversary of the UN.
Source: MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN