Pilot Course Based on New Guidance Helps to Increase Security of Radioactive Material in Eastern Europe and Central Asia
A new draft guidance document that aims to increase the security of radioactive material including, for the first time, specific provisions for the use and storage of radioactive waste and mobile sources formed the basis of a new training programme that debuted last month. Feedback and lessons from the pilot course will be used for the finalization of the standard training material based on IAEA Nuclear Security Series Implementing Guide No. 11, which advises national authorities on the security of radioactive material other than nuclear material such as uranium, plutonium and irradiated fuel. The content of the guide itself has been approved and is expected to be published in the first quarter of 2019.
Specific treatment of mobile sources in the guidance is a major step forward, said Marina Labyntseva, Deputy Director for International Affairs at Rosatom’s Global Nuclear Safety and Security Institute, and one of the trainers at the course held from 17 to 21 December for regulatory professionals from seven countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Mobile sources such as industrial radiographers, used to check the integrity of oil pipes, are on the move all the time. This makes them an easier target for theft than stationary sources, such as those used in a radiotherapy machine, she said.
While less radioactive than many sources used in hospitals, mobile sources can still be used in malicious acts. There are tens of thousands of such sources used around the world.
The new training course now includes modules dealing with specific security considerations applicable to mobile sources, such as increased level of physical protection that would not typically apply based solely on the activity of the sources. The material of the course provides for highly interactive training, using exercises embedded into the lecture material, said Labyntseva, who was a key expert in the revision of the training material.
The guidance also covers waste from decommissioning activities of power plants and research reactors � an important area in Eastern Europe and Central Asia with many facilities nearing the end of their lifetime.
Also new in the training material, is a module dedicated to protection from insider threats: security breaches involving someone with legitimate access to the material, who can take advantage of his or her access right to bypass physical protection measures. These include employees of industrial irradiation facilities and radiotherapy departments of hospitals, for instance.
Preventing insiders from taking radioactive material is important for both safety and security, and the new training course helps national authorities address it better, said Alessia Rodriguez y Baena, the IAEA nuclear security team leader in charge of the development of the training material.
Twenty-four regulatory professionals completed the pilot regional training course. Upon request of Member States, the course was offered in Russian, the main working language of the participants, who travelled to Obninsk, Russia from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan as well as from various cities in Russia.
Elina Yudakova, an engineer in dosimetry and radiometry research from Kyrgyzstan, said she and her colleagues will be able to use the knowledge they have acquired immediately. The combination of theoretical lectures with practical, hands-on exercises facilitates a deeper understating of the many important topics covered by this course, she said.
Based on the feedback from the pilot course, the new training material will be consolidated and refined, Rodriguez y Baena said. The finalized material will then be rolled out across all the regions of the world in training courses in English, French, Russian and Spanish. The first such course will be held in Obninsk, from 13 to 17 May, 2019, in both Russian and English.
Source: International Atomic Energy Agency