Over KZT 61 bn of social payments for pregnancy and childbirth received by women in 2017
In Kazakhstan, 172,622 women received social payments for pregnancy and childbirth in the amount of 61.4 billion tenge last year.
In our country, families that plan to have children are given real social support. Pregnancy is a responsible period for a future mother. Body burden of a woman reaches its peak in the last weeks of pregnancy, so a working woman is given maternity leave from 30 weeks of pregnancy, so she can prepare for the childbirth.
At the legislative level, the necessary rest for pregnant women is enshrined in Article 99 of the Labor Code of Kazakhstan. The maternity leave is formalized at the place of work, as well as the adoption of a newborn child for all the days of the sick leave.
Since 2008, in our country, the maternity leave is paid for from the State Social Insurance Fund (SSIF).
The payment for pregnancy and childbirth is assigned for all days of vacation and is transferred at a time, in other words, immediately. The amount of this payment depends on the income from which social contributions were paid to the State Social Insurance Fund over the past year.
In 2017, 172 622 women received social payments for pregnancy and childbirth in the amount of 61.4 billion tenge.
An employer can also pay the maternity leave with the preservation of the average wage. As a rule, this can be stipulated in the labor or collective agreement, or in another document of the employer. In such cases, the payment is made less the payment for pregnancy and childbirth, which the woman received from the State Social Insurance Fund.
With the birth of a child, happiness comes to home, and a mother starts new cares and worries. Therefore, the material assistance from the state for families with children is a tangible support.
At the expense of budget funds, a birth allowance is paid for the birth of each child in Kazakhstan. Its size depends on the order of the child born. If this is the first, second or third child, then the family is paid 91 390 tenge. If the fourth child or the next child is born, the family receives 151,515 tenge. If two or more children are born, then the allowance is paid for each child.
The amount of payments related to caring for a child under 1 year is not the same for all women.
First of all, this is due to the fact that women who went on leave to care for a child, worked until this point, and, therefore, they were paid social contributions to the State Social Insurance Fund. This gives the right to working women to receive social benefits for the care of a child under the age of 1 year from the State Social Insurance Fund. In such cases, the amount of payment is 40% of the average monthly income for the last 2 years before the birth of a child.
In 2017, a total of 235,166 people were appointed from the State Fund for the Payment of Child Care for a child under the age of one year. The total amount of these payments was 38.5 billion tenge.
It is gratifying that now the number of recipients of social payments for the care of the third, fourth or more child is increasing. In 2017, their share increased by 2.6% compared to 2016 and accounted for almost 40% of all designated payments for the child care.
Women who did not work before the birth of a child receive benefits from the state budget. Their size depends on the order of the child born and in 2018 it is:
13 853 tenge – for the first child;
16 379 tenge – for the second child;
18 880 tenge – for the third child;
21 405 tenge – for the fourth or more child.
It becomes quite obvious that working women can receive monthly payments for caring for a child up to 1 year much more than unemployed.
A newborn baby requires a lot of strength and attention, and while mom carries for a child, she does not work. Therefore, in order to exclude breaks in the accumulative pension system, mandatory pension contributions are paid monthly to women’s pension accounts at a rate of 10% of childcare benefits for up to 1 year. At the same time, in order to increase the level of pension accumulation of women in 2014, Kazakhstan has subsidized additional mandatory pension contributions. This means that during the period of being on parental leave for the child up to 1 year, the mandatory pension contributions at the expense of the state are additionally transferred to the women’s accumulative pension accounts.
Principles of solidarity and justice laid down in the system of the obligatory social insurance clearly demonstrate the benefits of social protection for those who work. There is a direct relationship between the income received and the amount of social payments. Citizens who work officially are more protected when social risks come.
In ten years of the existence of compulsory maternity and childhood insurance in Kazakhstan, almost 1.5 million women received maternity and childbirth payments in the amount of more than 393 billion tenge and about 2 million people – childcare payments up to 1 year worth almost 420 billion. tenge.
Protection of motherhood and childhood is a priority in the state policy of Kazakhstan because the future of the country, its demographic status and labor potential depend on this.
Source: Kazakhtan 2050