Over 1 mln ethnic Kazakhs returned to their historical homeland
According to the widespread information, last year, due to the simplification of procedures for obtaining citizenship for ethnic Kazakhs, 16 thousand families of oralmans returned to the country. This figure was 8 times higher than the number of people who returned to their homeland in 2015.
At the same time, as a result of the choice of repatriates of Astana and Almaty, as well as southern regions as a permanent residence, the negative balance of arrival of oralmans in the northern regions of Kazakhstan increased.
In general, according to the Ministry from 1991 to April 1, 2017, over 1 million ethnic Kazakhs returned to their historical homeland and received the status of oralman. In 2016, more than 16.4 thousand families (33 754 people), in the 1st quarter of 2017 – 2.6 thousand families (4.9 thousand people). At the same time, the proportion of people of working age who returned in 2016 was 56%, children under 18 years – 39% and pensioners – 4.7%. In 2017, 26.4% of oralmans were children under 18 years old, able-bodied – 67.3%, pensioners – 6.3%.
It should be noted that the main countries of exodus in the past and this year are Uzbekistan (62% in 2016 and 54.5% in 2017 respectively), China (14% in 2016 and 33.4% in 2017) Mongolia (9% in 2016 and 2.1% in 2017), Turkmenistan (6.7% in 2016 and 4.6% in 2017).
We add that in 2016, the Government identified seven regions for settling oralmans (Kostanay, Atyrau, Akmola, Pavlodar, North Kazakhstan region, East Kazakhstan region, West Kazakhstan region) and four regions of retirement (Kostanay, Pavlodar, North Kazakhstan region, East Kazakhstan region). Kazakhstanis wishing to move to the above-mentioned regions will be provided with subsidies for relocation and housing expenses for one year. In 2017 it is planned to pay subsidies for the relocation of 2,7 thousand citizens.
This year the Ministry envisages the development of the Concept of Migration Policy for 2017-2021, which will reflect new approaches aimed at effective regulation of migration processes, ensuring sustainable demographic development and country’s needs for skilled labor, and strengthening country’s national security.
Source: Kazakhstan 2050