Nurly Zhol State Program: highways, logistics, housing and communal services
The program’s goal is to form a single economic market by integrating the country’s macro regions based on building an effective infrastructure on the hub principle to ensure Kazakhstan’s long-term growth, as well as implementing anti-crisis measures to support certain sectors of the economy in the face of deteriorating conditions on foreign markets.
Over the past years, some adjustments were made to it, but the essence remained unchanged. Today we will focus on only two of its aspects: the creation of an efficient transport and logistics infrastructure in accordance with the “ray” principle and modernization (reconstruction and construction) of the housing and communal services and heat, water and sanitation systems. Ministry for Investments and Development of Kazakhstan is responsible for the successful implementation of the systems.
The Roads We Build
Within the framework of Nurly Zhol, MID RK implements projects on the development of roads, transport, civil aviation and modernization of heat, water and sanitation networks. The main projects are the reconstruction and construction of highways of national importance.
The length of public roads is 95.6 thousand km, including the republican network � 24.4 thousand km, the local network � 71.2 thousand km. In 2018, it is planned to implement 23 projects with a total length of 4,200 km.
The work is underway on 22 projects: Temirtau � Karaganda, Center � East, South � West bypass of Astana, Shchuchinsk � Zerenda, Kostanay � Denisovka, Beyneu � Aktau, Beyneu � Akzhigit, Zhetybai � Zhanaozen, Bypass of Kordai, Astana � Petropavlovsk, Aktobe � Makat, Atyrau � Astrakhan, Usharal � Dostyk, Kurty � Burylbaytal, Kalbatau � Maykapshagai, Kapshagai � Taldykorgan, Taldykorgan � Ust-Kamenogorsk, Taskesken � Bakhty, Osinovsky pass, Merke � Burylbaytal, Uralsk � Kamenka and Uzynagash � Otar; it is also planned to start the new Balkhash � Buralbaital project.
At the end of the year, traffic will be opened at 528
What projects are currently under implementation?
The Center � South project (Astana � Almaty), which will connect high-quality roads to the country’s capital with Almaty. In 2016, the reconstruction of the Astana � Temirtau and Almaty � Kapshagai sections with a total length of 275 km was completed. Reconstruction of Temirtau � Karaganda is under way, including the bypasses of Karaganda (62 km). At the same time, the reconstruction of the Kurta � Burylbaital section (228 km) with a total cost of 115 billion tenge was started at the expence of loans from international financial institutions (EBRD � 143 km, WB � 85 km). In 2018, it is planned to reconstruct the Balkhash � Burylbaital section (297 km), by saving on current loans from the Western Europe � Western China project.
The Center � East project (Astana – Ust-Kamenogorsk) is in the active phase of implementation. On the section Astana � Pavlodar (441 km), traffic is open for 200 km, including 12 km of the bridge across the Irtysh. This year it is planned to complete the work. Over 260 km of the Pavlodar � Semey � Kalbatau section (473 km) will be covered by construction works this year. In 2019, it is planned to fully open the traffic.
The Center � West project (Aktobe � Atyrau � Astrakhan and Beineu � Aktau) is under construction. The Aktobe � Kandyagash (159 km) and Atyrau � Astrakhan (277 km) sections will be reconstructed at the expense of loans from the Islamic Development Bank. The Kandyagash � Makat section (299 km) will be reconstructed with loans from the Asian Development Bank. The loan agreement was signed in 2016, construction work started in November 2017. Earlier started work on the reconstruction of 26 km in the Kandyagash � Makat section was completed in 2017.
The Beyneu � Aktau section (470 km) in the Mangistau region. In December 2017, traffic was opened all over the section.
In the northern direction from Astana, the Kokshetau � Petropavlovsk project is being implemented. In 2016 the reconstruction works of Kokshetau � Petropavlovsk (180 km), and the section Petropavlovsk � the border of Russia (to Kurgan) will be completed in 2019.
On the Almaty � Oskemen project (1003 km), work was completed on the Kapshagai � Taldykorgan section (117 km) and it was left to complete the residual work. The section of Taldykorgan � Ust-Kamenogorsk (763 km), will be reconstructed at the expense of loans of Exim Bank of China. The implementation started in 2017.
On the Uralsk � Kamenka project, the reconstruction along the entire road was started in 2015. In 2017 the movement opened on 65 km, this year it is planned to complete the project.
On the Zhetybai � Zhanaozen section (73 km), in 2017, a loan agreement with the Asian Development Bank was ratified and contracts with builders were concluded.
On the Uzynagash � Otar section (96 km), it is planned to sign a loan agreement in 2018, a contract agreement has been concluded.
On the Beineu � Akzhigit project (85 km), construction work was started in June 2017.
On the Kostanay � Denisovka section (114 km), contract agreements were concluded in 2017.
The works on the Usharal � Dostyk section (180 km) were started in September 2017.
At the Taskesken � Bakhty section (187 km), it is necessary to complete the reconstruction of 20 km. The work started in the second half of 2017.
On the Shchuchinsk � Zerenda project (80 km), the works were started in the second half of 2017. On the Osinovsky Pass project (32 km) in the East Kazakhstan region � in the first half of 2017
The project Bypass of Kordai (80 km) is being implemented to transfer it to the first technical category. In 2017 work was completed on 40 km, full completion is expected in 2018.
The projects Merke � Burylbaytal (266 km), Southwest bypass of Astana (33 km) and Kalbatau � Maykapshagai (415 km) will be reconstructed with loans from Exim Bank of China. The implementation started in the second half of 2017.
In general, the reconstruction of the above projects will be completed in 2020. Due to the works completed, it is planned to increase the share of roads in good and satisfactory condition to 90%, the share of roads of the first and second technical category � to 50%.
As part of the development of trans-Caspian multimodal transport, the project of the Kuryk port ferry complex is being completed. In December 2016, the port launched a rail ferry terminal with a capacity of 4 million tons, the operating activity of which was launched in March 2017. For the first quarter of 2018, about 426.7 thousand tons of cargo were handled through the terminal.
Currently, the implementation of the second phase of the project, a road crossing, with a capacity of 2 million tons per year, continues. To date, work is underway to build protective hydraulic structures: the eastern and western breakwaters, the customs clearance area, the pre-grading sorting station. Completion is scheduled for 2018.
Modernization of Heat, Water and Wastewater Networks
As noted in the Ministry for Investments and Development, in 2017, 98 investment projects were selected for the allocated 41.1 billion tenge:
heat supply � 19 projects for 13.9 billion tenge;
water supply � 56 projects for 17.5 billion tenge;
water disposal � 23 projects for 9.5 billion tenge.
It is planned to build and reconstruct about 1185 km, including 86.6 km in thermal networks; on the networks of water supply and water disposal � 1097.9 km, 5 boiler houses and 12 other facilities. Completion is planned in December 2018.
As of May 1, the development of natural monopolies by entities is 32.1 billion tenge or 78% of the allocated funds.
821.9 km of engineering networks were built and reconstructed (heat supply � 26.8 km, water supply � 748 km, water disposal � 47.1 km), 3 pumping stations. Construction and installation work is continuing.
For 2018, 34.3 billion tenge is provided, of which 33.4 billion tenge is budgetary crediting, 0.7 billion tenge is budget subsidy, 0.2 billion tenge is the services of the Agent and the operator.
In total for the period 2018-2019, it is planned to build and reconstruct about 279.1 km: including 53.7 km in heating systems; over water supply and sewage networks � 225.4 km, 18 water facilities and 12 thermal points. As a result, by the end of 2019, network wear will decrease from 57% to 53%.
Source: The Prime Minister of Kazakhstan