More than 38 thousand citizens of Kazakhstan receive social assistance under the “Orleu” project in 2016
This was reported by Deputy Minister of Labor and Social Protection of Population Svetlana Zhakupova at the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of Population briefing dedicated to new approaches of providing targeted social assistance.
At the beginning of her speech, the Deputy Minister recalled that within the framework of the 84th step of the National Plan 100 specific steps to implement 5 institutional reforms there was developed a Law On amendments and additions to some legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on social protection of population, which was signed by the Head of State on October 29, 2015.
The Law provides for the introduction from January 2018 a new order of targeted social assistance (hereinafter – TSA) to families with income below 50% of the subsistence level (today � 40%) for each family member, with the condition of compulsory participation of able-bodied family members in active measures of employment assistance, which would be provided instead of existing:
– Special state allowances to large families;
– State child benefit up to 18 years old for low income families
– Targeted social assistance provided to low income households
TSA in its new format will be classified into two types: unconditional and conditional cash assistance.
Unconditional assistance will be provided to those families which lack able-bodied members (i.e., disabled families or elderly pensioners), or families where able-bodied members, for objective reasons, cannot participate in employment support measures (for example, a single mother with children of preschool age). For these families compulsory participation in employment measures is not required to receive benefits.
Conditional cash assistance will be provided to families which have at least one able-bodied member, under the condition of signing a social contract and compulsory participation of all able-bodied members of the family in measures of employment assistance.
By signing the social contract, the parties undertake reciprocal commitments: social services take measures to provide employment and pay benefits, and able-bodied members of the family in good faith participate in measures of employment assistance.
One is not simply provided cash assistance; he is assisted with employment, sent for various refresher courses and advanced training. Thus, this stimulates the potential for the family to exit poverty.
The Deputy Minister noted that since 2014 new approaches of social assistance were tested in Akmola, East Kazakhstan, and Zhambyl regions, where the pilot project Orleu was introduced providing cash assistance to persons who have signed a social contract. From June 1, 2015, similar regional pilot projects were additionally launched in 38 areas and cities at the expense of local budgets. Thus, in 2015 the Orleu project saw participation of 20.2 thousand people.
In 2016 the Orleu project saw participation of 38.8 thousand people. Implementation of the project contributed to the increase of per capita income of its participants by more than 2-fold, involving around 90.5% of able-bodied participants in employment assistance, reducing the number of recipients of targeted social assistance in pilot regions by 24.7%, � Svetlana Zhakupova informed.
For the further implementation of the project in 2017 the national budget provides 7.1 billion tenge. This year the Orleu pilot project is planned to include around 150 thousand low income citizens from all areas and cities of the country.
Source: Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan