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Thursday, September 19th, 2019

Man Dies After Self-Immolation Protest Over Language Policies In Russia’s Udmurtia

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by September 10, 2019 Medical

KAZAKHSTAN

Information about placement of Government Securities for publication on the web site of MF RK and TC MF RK.

The Ministry of finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan additionally placed at KASE 6 billion tenge of 7-year ME?KAM � 84 (KZKD00000766) of the 15-th issue date of maturity July, 09 2021 under 9.70% APR, demand for the stated volume was 208 % on September, 09 2019.

Source: Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan

ZCZC

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev received Natalya Godunova, Chairman of the Accounts Committee for Control over Execution of the Republican budget

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev was informed about the preliminary results of the evaluation of the draft republican budget for 2020-2022.

Natalya Godunova also told the President about the ?ccounts Committee’s proposal for the Government to provide more efficient use of 583 billion tenge, of which 283 billion tenge in 2020.

Following the meeting, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev gave Natalya Godunova a number of specific instructions.

Source: President of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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Askar Mamin: Kazakhstan’s economy grew by 4.3% over 8 months

At the Government session chaired by Prime Minister Askar Mamin, the results of the country’s socio-economic development and the implementation of the republican budget for January-August 2019 were considered.

Presentations were made by Minister of National Economy Ruslan Dalenov, Chairman of the National Bank Erbolat Dossaev and First Deputy Prime Minister � Minister of Finance Alikhan Smailov.

The average per capita nominal cash income of the population in January-May 2019 amounted to 486 thousand tenge and increased, compared with the corresponding period of 2018, by 10.8% in nominal terms, in real terms � by 1.7%.

In January-August 2019, GDP growth amounted to 4.3% compared to the corresponding period of 2018. Positive dynamics is observed in construction � by 11.8%, trade � by 7.6%, transport � by 5.5%, agriculture � by 3.6%, communication services � by 3.4%, the manufacturing sector, including in engineering � by 18%, light industry � by 17.4%, non-ferrous metal mining � by 17.9%, oil refining � by 6.2%.

For the third consecutive month, inflation has remained low at 0.2%. Annual inflation is within the target corridor and amounted to 5.5%.

Prime Minister Askar Mamin noted the growth of the economy in terms of basic indicators in Atyrau, Karaganda, Kyzylorda, Turkistan, East Kazakhstan and North Kazakhstan regions.

The Head of Government instructed to rectify the situation as soon as possible with a decrease in indicators for construction, investment, industry, agriculture and housing commissioning in Mangystau, Kyzylorda, West Kazakhstan regions, and the cities of Nur-Sultan and Shymkent.

Last week, the Head of State announced the Address to the people of Kazakhstan, which reflects the continuity of the policy of Elbasy and sets a number of basic tasks for the Government aimed at further development of the economy. The main task for the Government is to ensure annual sustainable GDP growth and bring it to 5% and higher by 2025, said Mamin, instructing the line ministries to strengthen work to achieve the established target indicators.

Revenues to the republican budget for the first eight months of this year amounted to 6,958.3 billion tenge (101.1% of the plan), the growth rate was 119.2%. The development of the republican budget for the reporting period amounted to 98.9%.

In connection with the incomplete budget execution observed by a number of program administrators, Prime Minister Askar Mamin instructed to ensure timely implementation of budget funds.

Source: Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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Government adopts draft National Plan for implementation of the Head of State’s Address

At the Government session chaired by Prime Minister Askar Mamin, a draft National Plan of measures for the implementation of the President’s Address Constructive Public Dialogue � the Basis of Stability and Prosperity of Kazakhstan was adopted.

The document consists of 81 articles, including in the areas of: a modern efficient state � 11 articles, ensuring the rights and security of citizens � 15 articles, a developed and inclusive economy � 27 articles, a new stage of social modernization � 18 articles, strong regions � a strong country � 10 articles.

Immediately after the approval of this document by the President, all state bodies and akimats should immediately begin to solve the tasks. We must ensure coordinated work on the effective solution of tasks, Mamin said.

The draft National Plan of Measures for the implementation of the Address of the Head of State adopted by the Government will be submitted for approval to the President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev.

Source: Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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Anti-Chinese Protests Don’t Deter Kazakh President From Visiting Beijing

Kazakh President Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev is making a state visit to Beijing this week amid a wave of protests at home against what demonstrators describe as mounting Chinese influence through financial projects and assistance to the resource-rich Central Asian state.

The protests began in the volatile southwestern town of Zhanaozen on September 2 and have since spread to other cities, including the capital, Nur-Sultan.

Carrying banners saying things like “End Chinese expansion” and “No to Chinese factories,” protesters across the country have demanded that Toqaev cancel his official trip and stop accepting loans from Beijing.

They challenge the government’s plan to build dozens of industrial facilities in Kazakhstan with Chinese financial assistance.

China is one of Kazakhstan’s major investors and primary trade partners, with official figures showing both investments flows and bilateral trade turnover rising steadily in recent years.

Deputy Prime Minister Zhenis Kasymbek told reporters on September 5 that 15 joint Kazakh-Chinese projects had been completed in Kazakhstan, with five more projects to be launched by December.

“Worth a total of $3.9 billon, the 15 projects have been launched in several sectors, including agriculture, the chemical industry, oil and gas, [and] transport.”

Kasymbek said the joint projects had created 4,000 new jobs, with 95 percent of them going to Kazakh citizens.

Kazakh state media reported last year that the two countries were implementing at least 51 joint projects in industry, transport, and logistics that were worth approximately $28 billion.

In April 2019, influential former President Nursultan Nazarbaev said the two neighbors had signed a total of 55 investment projects in various sectors.

According to Nazarbaev, Chinese companies produce more than 20 percent of Kazakhstan’s oil and that some 1,200 enterprises in Kazakhstan operate with Chinese capital.

The neighbors — who share a land border of some 1,700 kilometers — have reportedly set a goal last year of achieving $20 billion in trade volume within several years.

Total trade turnover was $10.5 billion in 2017 and amounted to $8.2 billion in the first three quarters of 2018.

Key Link For Belt & Road

With its enormous energy resources and vast lands, Kazakhstan is a key to Beijing’s “project of the century” — a $1 trillion worldwide infrastructure program known as One Belt, One Road.

The initiative aims to revive the ancient Silk Road and build up other trading routes with massive infrastructure projects connecting China with Europe.

Since 2014, Beijing has poured more than $100 billion a year into the Belt & Road megaproject, with new contracts, investments, and loans.

One of the most ambitious projects in Kazakhstan was creating the Khorgos Gateway, a so-called “dry port” for handling cargo for trains and trucks rather than ships in a remote area on the Chinese-Kazakh border.

The construction of Khorgos Gateway began in 2014 and just two years later more than 500 trans-Eurasian trains had already passed through the dry port, making it a major new transport hub.

Under the contracts signed with the Kazakh government, 80 percent of the workers at Khorgos Gateway had to be local Kazakh citizens.

Among others, One Belt, One Road projects in Kazakhstan include the Kazakh section of the Western Europe-Western China Highway, which will stretch 8,845 kilometers from China’s Yellow Sea coast to the Baltic Sea at St. Petersburg when completed.

Those who support the idea of Chinese investment and loans insist that such projects create jobs and financial opportunities for Kazakhs.

Critics, however, warn that the One Belt, One Road initiative mostly benefits Chinese companies and banks, pumping Chinese goods into world markets.

Some express concern about the so-called “debt-trap diplomacy” they say China is employing, arguing that China could in the long run gain control of such ports or other major infrastructure if the host country can’t pay back the loan.

According to official statistics, Kazakhstan’s debt to China in 2018 was about $12.3 billion.

‘Listen To The People’

Former Kazakh Ambassador to China Murat Avezov has urged the Kazakh authorities to “listen to the protesters” and their concerns about the potential implications of Chinese influence in the country.

In an interview with RFE/RL’s Kazakh Service, Avezov said Kazakhstan must make a greater effort to prioritize its own interests when dealing with China. He said Kazakhstan had always chosen to “concede” to China “in all affairs involving oil, land, water, border, and others.”

The former diplomat warned that such a policy could bring “grave consequences” and even jeopardize the country’s independence. “China has a huge population and not enough land. China needs land to accommodate its population, and therefore it is constantly looking for different solutions,” he said.

Avezov said Kazakhstan needed to exercise caution in dealing with “China, which is always masterful in defending its own interests.” He said the protesters in Zhanaozen and elsewhere in Kazakhstan had serious reasons to be worried about the flow of Chinese money into their country.

Anti-Chinese sentiment has been on the rise in Kazakhstan in recent months over the dire plight of indigenous ethnic groups, including Kazakhs, in the northwestern Chinese region of Xinjiang.

The United Nations said last year that some 1 million ethnic Uyghurs and other mostly Muslim, Turkic-speaking indigenous people in Xinjiang were being forcibly held in what it described as “counterextremism centers” there.

Chinese authorities call the facilities “vocational education centers” that help integrate people into Chinese society and aid in combating “extremism.”

Beijing claims people attend the camps voluntarily, despite extensive evidence they are being kept their against their will.

Written by Farangis Najibullah with contributions by RFE/RL’s Kazakh Service

Copyright (c) 2015. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave NW, Ste 400, Washington DC 20036.

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Man Dies After Self-Immolation Protest Over Language Policies In Russia’s Udmurtia

IZHEVSK, Russia — A 79-year-old man who lit himself on fire protesting against Russia’s language policies in the capital of the Volga region of Udmurtia has died.

Media reports quoted medical personnel of a hospital in the city of Izhevsk as saying that the man was pronounced dead hours after hospitalization on September 10.

The man, named Albert Razin, was holding two signs reading “If my language dies tomorrow, then I’m ready to die today” and “Do I have a Fatherland?”

He was said to be in critical condition, with burns to nearly 100 percent of his body.

The Investigative Committee has launched an investigation, while the Udmurt State Council postponed its session following the incident, reports said.

The Udmurt State Council postponed its session following the incident, reports said.

Razin, a doctor in philosophy and an Udmurt activist, was among a group of local experts who had signed an open letter calling on the Udmurt parliament not to support the bill on the teaching of “native languages” in schools that has angered representatives of many of the country’s ethnic minorities.

The bill, approved by Russia’s lower house of parliament, the State Duma, last year, canceled the mandatory teaching of indigenous languages in Russia’s so-called ethnic regions and republics, where there is a relatively high proportion of non-Russian ethnic groups.

Responding to complaints from ethnic Russians living in these regions, President Vladimir Putin said in 2017 that children should not be compelled to study languages that are not their mother tongues.

The bill is considered in Russia’s so-called ethnic regions, including Udmurtia, as an existential threat.

The Udmurt language is of the Uralic stem, which also includes Finno-Ugric languages. The number of people who speak the language has decreased from 463,000 in 2002 to 324,000 in 2010.

There are some 560,000 ethnic Udmurts living in Russia’s Volga region, Kazakhstan, and Estonia.

The Udmurt community represents some 560,000 people living mostly in the Volga region, Kazakhstan, and Estonia.

Copyright (c) 2015. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave NW, Ste 400, Washington DC 20036

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