Skip to Content

Thursday, August 13th, 2020

Kazakhstan Parliament ratified Convention on legal status of Caspian Sea, amendments to Treaty on EAEU and Agreement on EAEU international treaties

by January 31, 2019 Market

ASTANA, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Mr. Beibut Atamkulov presented a number of international treaties of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the Senate for consideration and ratification by the Senate.

The first document presented by the Foreign Minister was the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea. The document was signed in Aktau by presidents of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Russia and Turkmenistan on August 12, 2018 during the fifth Caspian summit. The objective of the Convention is to identify and regulate the rights and obligations of the parties to the use of the Caspian Sea, including its water, bottom, subsoil, natural resources and marine airspace. The Convention regulates the delimitation of national zones, jurisdictions and sovereignty, subsurface use, transit and transportation, subsea pipelines and cables, environmental and biological resources of the Caspian Sea. With regard to security issues facing modern challenges,

“It is forbidden to be in the Caspian ships under the flags of non-Caspian states, as well as to the armed forces not belonging to the Caspian littoral states. The sea water is limited to inland water, 15 miles wide territorial waters. The width of the fishing zone is 10 mile and total water. External borders of the territorial waters have the status of maritime borders, “the Minister said.

The Convention shall enter into force on the date on which the fifth instrument of ratification is received by the depositary being the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The Senate also ratified the Protocol on Amendments to the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union of May 29, 2014. This Protocol was signed by the leaders of the Eurasian Economic Union member states on March 15, 2018 in Moscow. Article 10, paragraph 2, of the Treaty on the Eurasian Economic Union of 29 May 2014 states that, notwithstanding the appointment of the head of the Member State of the Supreme Council as well as the possibility of inclusion of the Prime Minister of the Member State authorized to make decisions on issues within the competence of the Supreme Council, is a change.

Also, the EAEU Treaty has been ratified by international treaties with third countries, international organizations or international integration associations. The agreement was signed on May 14, 2018 in Sochi by the heads of state of the Eurasian Economic Union.

The document regulates the procedure for conclusion, suspension and termination of international treaties with non-Eurasian Economic Union countries. The treaty sets out the procedure for negotiating with third countries, the negotiating delegation ‘s powers and responsibilities, including the negotiating standpoints, and the submission of drafts of documents to third parties, subject to mandatory coordination with Member States.

In addition, the Agreement provides for mechanisms for monitoring the activities of the Union and its Member States, acting on behalf of the Union, in order to prevent the entry into force of the provisions of international treaty provisions within the framework of economic integration.

The adoption of this agreement is relevant due to the intensification of the EAEU’s international cooperation and the negotiation process for the EAEU trade agreements with individual countries.