Kazakhstan has 58 RES projects: K. Bozumbaev reports on the pace of transition to the “green economy”
Today’s Government session chaired by Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev focused on issues of implementing the Concept on Kazakhstan’s transition to the green economy.
Minister of Energy Kanat Bozumbayev presented the main results of the implementation of the Concept of the transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the “green economy” for 2014-2017.
The development of the power industry in terms of its greening is based on the development of renewable energy, reducing carbon dioxide emissions in the energy sector and developing the gas infrastructure of the country. According to the Minister, in 2017, about 1.1 billion kW/h of green energy was generated. In 2018, it is planned to introduce another 138 MW of renewable energy.
To date, there are 58 enterprises operating in the country using renewable energy sources with a total capacity of 352 MW. By the end of 2018, the total capacity of RES will be about 490 MW (68 facilities).
“In the long term, the decline in the cost of RES is associated with the introduction of the auction mechanism. On the one hand, this will make the process of selection of projects and investors transparent and understandable, on the other hand, will shift the focus on more efficient technologies and projects that will minimize the impact on the tariffs of end users from the introduction of renewable energy capacities, Minister K. Bozumbaev said.
The spring session of the first auction bidding for the selection of construction projects has launched on May 23. In the course of the year 1 GW of renewable energy will be put up. According to K. Bozumbayev, the first auction revealed the interest of market participants. During the spring session, about 250 MW will be tendered and winners will be determined. Auction prices at a starting price of 22.68 tenge for wind energy show a decline in value to 17.49 tenge, which is up to 23%.
In the coming days, six winners will already sign 15-year contracts for the purchase of electricity. Already now we can say that we have chosen the right direction for the development of renewable energy, K. Bozumbaev said.
For reference: In 2015, carbon dioxide emissions in the power sector decreased by 9.3% compared to 2012. The amendments to the legislation introduced in 2016 on the implementation of the National Greenhouse Gas Emission Distribution Plan based on specific factors will allow achieving the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 15% by 2030.
The share of gas power stations in the overall power sector was 20.2% at the end of 2017, with the target of reaching 20% by 2020. In order to ensure the growth of gas-fired power plants, the construction of gas turbine power stations along the Beineu-Bozoy-Shymkent gas pipeline is under consideration. The Ministry is also working with Samruk-Kazyna to transfer Almaty CHP-2 to gas.
In addition, in order to develop hydropower, the issues of construction of counter-regulators of Shulbinskaya HPP on the Irtysh River are being studied.
Reporting on the implementation of the Five Social Initiatives of the President, Kanat Bozumbaev noted that the first stage of the construction of the Saryarka main gas pipeline along the route Kyzylorda-Zhezkazgan-Karaganda-Astana with the length of 1081 km is being worked out. This section of the gas pipeline will provide natural gas to the thermal power station of the city of Astana, two regions and 171 settlements.
In order to reduce the emission of harmful pollutants into the atmosphere, measures were taken to denitrate and desulphurize exhaust gases and dust. This year, jointly with the energy producing organizations, a plan is being developed for a long-term phased implementation of measures to reduce emissions at TPPs. In accordance with the requirements of the technical regulations of the Customs Union, from the second half of this year, the requirements for the quality of the fuel to be sold will be raised from the level of K-2 to K-4 and K-5, which will lead to a significant reduction in air emissions from motor vehicles.
In the field of waste management, a regulatory legal framework has been established to define requirements for secondary raw materials, separate collection, processing and disposal of waste.
For reference: In 2018, the share of processed industrial waste will be brought up to 32%, MSW – up to 11%. 69% of the country’s population is provided with collection and collection services. The plan for 2018 is 75%. The share of polygons corresponding to environmental requirements and sanitary standards is 16% (plan for 2018 is 23%).
Projects are being implemented to improve the effectiveness of solid waste management in the cities of Astana and Almaty.
For reference: In Astana, a pilot project has been launched to introduce separate collection of solid waste, processing and utilization of organic (food) waste. A consortium of legal entities within the framework of PPP started the implementation of the project “Implementation of an Integrated Solid Waste Management System in the City of Almaty”, which provides for the construction of a waste sorting complex in Alatau District of Almaty, with the capacity of up to 1500 tonnes per day. The construction completion date is approximately the second half of 2018. The project cost is 5.5 billion tenge.
Kanat Bozumbaev also reported that in order to reform the environmental legislation commissioned by the Head of State in the Address New Development Opportunities in the Context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the draft of the new Environmental Code stipulates the conditions under which it is economically beneficial for the nature user to invest in the environment, reduce emissions of pollutants, invest in environmental protection measures.
The draft Concept was developed and sent to the concerned state bodies and organizations for approval.
At the same time, in order to develop the green economy, the presentation and the opening of the International Center for Green Technologies and Investment Projects took place on the margins of the XI Astana Economic Forum on May 17, with the participation of the chairman of the Global Institute for Green Growth, Ban Ki-moon, Nobel Prize winner Ray Kwon Chung. The Center’s activities will be aimed at supporting and implementing investment projects with the search for potential investors, technical analysis of projects and the possibility of transferring the best “green” technologies in the Central Asian region.
I would like to note that the achieved results of work on the implementation of the” green economy “in the country testify to the systematic work of central state and local executive bodies. In the future, the existing legislative framework and intensified efforts will help achieving the planned target indicators, K. Bozumbaev concluded.
Deputy Minister of Agriculture Yerlan Nyssanbayev reported on sustainable use of water resources, high-performance agriculture and preservation of ecosystems.
Thus, according to the Deputy Minister, in accordance with the Concept on Kazakhstan’s transition to the green economy, integrated management of natural ecosystems is carried out in forestry, fisheries and wildlife management.
Kazakhstan is among sparsely wooded countries. Only 4.7% of the territory is covered with forests.
Increasing green space today is one of the main tasks of the Ministry. In this regard, together with the Akimats of the regions, in accordance with the approved plans, work was launched to create green zones around the regional centers, – Y. Nyssanbayev noted.
For reference: Over the past 7 years, the volume of reproduction of afforestation on the territory of the state forest fund amounted to 453 thousand hectares. This year, the planned volume is 68 thousand hectares. The initiative “All-Kazakhstan forest planting day” is held every year. This year more than 900 thousand people took part, more than 4.5 million trees and bushes were planted.
Separately, I want to note the creation of a green zone around the city of Astana, carried out in accordance with the instructions of the Head of State, the area of which was 78 thousand hectares, by 2023 it is planned to increase its area to 100 thousand hectares, the Deputy Minister said.
At the end of the speech, Y. Nyssanbayev noted that the most effective biodiversity conservation tool is specially protected natural areas. Since 1991, the area of PAs has increased from 1 million hectares to 24 million hectares.
Saltanat Rakhimbekova, the head of the Association “Coalition for Green Economy and Development of G-Global, spoke about the work of public organizations with regards to the transition of Kazakhstan to a green economy. In 2017, the ALE together with its partners implemented 25 projects, which were demonstrated at the EXPO-2017 exhibition.
Akim of Aktobe region Berdybek Saparbayev reported on the ongoing work on the transition to the “green economy” in the region, as well as on the implementation of renewable energy projects.
Source: Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan