Kazakhstan at UNSC: nuclear powers must be in forefront of nuclear-free world
The UN Security Council held a high-level meeting on the theme “Maintenance of international peace and security: non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction”. The meeting was held on the initiative and under the chairmanship of President of the United States Donald Trump.
Permanent members of the Security Council at the meeting were represented by French President Emmanuel Macron, British Prime Minister Theresa May, Foreign Ministers of Russia Sergei Lavrov and China Wang Yi. The event was also attended by the Heads of State, government and ministers of Poland, Equatorial Guinea, Bolivia, Iceland, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Ethiopia, Peru and Sweden.
Speaking on behalf of Kazakhstan, Foreign Minister Kairat Abdrakhmanov stressed that countering the proliferation and use of WMD is one of the key priorities of Kazakhstan’s foreign policy.
“Our Head of State Nursultan Nazarbayev made a bold decision to abandon the nuclear arsenal and close the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site. The international community recognized these actions as unprecedented and worthy of high approval, defining the date of the closure of the Semipalatinsk test site on August 29 as the International Day Against Nuclear Tests”, the press service of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan informed.
As it’s known, the key event in Kazakhstan’s chairmanship in the UN Security Council in January 2018 was a meeting on confidence-building measures in the sphere of non-proliferation. President N. Nazarbayev at the January meeting, as well as in the Manifesto “The World. XXI Century” stressed that the largest nuclear powers must be in forefront of nuclear-free world and set an example of reducing WMD.
According to Kazakhstan’s opinion, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons should not lose its effectiveness and relevance, but the world needs a stronger international legal basis for combating WMD. The asymmetric implementation of the NPT impedes confidence building between nuclear and non-nuclear countries. The early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty should also become one of the most important and necessary structural elements of the global non-proliferation architecture.
The launch of the IAEA Low Enriched Uranium Bank last year was another contribution of Kazakhstan to strengthening the non-proliferation regime and the safe use of uranium for peaceful purposes. Kazakhstan thanked the United States, the EU, the UAE, Kuwait, Norway and the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) for financial support of the project, as well as China and Russia for cooperation in the transit of low-enriched uranium and equipment for the Bank.
In his speech, the Minister recalled the proposal of the President of Kazakhstan to make the withdrawal from the NPT extremely difficult, perhaps by issuing a special resolution of the UN Security Council, which has serious consequences for the violators of the Treaty. Kazakhstan is convinced of the need to develop a legally binding system of guarantees provided by nuclear powers, those states that voluntarily renounce their nuclear weapons, as well as holders of a non-nuclear status as an incentive not to acquire such weapons.
“Nuclear-weapon-free zones are also an effective tool in the field of non-proliferation. President N. Nazarbayev proposed to strengthen cooperation between the existing zones and organize next year’s meeting in Astana at a high level. The five permanent members of the Security Council should encourage the expansion of such zones, providing them with security guarantees”, the message reads.
Source: Kazakhstan 2050