Growth of industrial production and export of agricultural products: How did Kyzylorda region develop in 2018
Kyzylorda region was formed on Jan. 15, 1938. The region is located in the south-western part of Kazakhstan with a total area of 226 thousand km�, which is 8.3% of the entire territory of the republic.
Today, Kyzylorda region is actively developing � new microdistricts are being built in the region, schools and kindergartens, hospitals and polyclinics are opening, parks and new architectural ensembles are being created, production is growing, agriculture and small and medium businesses are actively developing.
Industrialization: Production in processing sector increased by 31.6% in five years
On the instructions of the Head of State, the policy in Kyzylorda region is oriented towards economic diversification through industrialization. As a result, in 2017 for the first time in the last four years, there has been a positive trend in terms of the gross regional product of the Kyzylorda region � 100.8% from the 2016 level.
Since 2013, over 70 new productions have been launched. Labor productivity in 2018 in industry increased by almost 25%. Moreover, production in the manufacturing sector in 2018 compared with 2013 increased by 31.6%.
For 2018 industrial enterprises of the region produced for 930.4 billion tenge.
In the framework of the second five-year plan of the regional industrialization program in 2018, two projects were implemented for a total amount of 64.1 billion tenge with the creation of 286 jobs. They are:
1. Project Construction of Oil Well Cement Plant (Gezhouba Shieli Cement LLC)
Capacity � 1 million tons per year;
Place of implementation � Shieli district;
Jobs � 260 people;
The project was launched during the teleconference on Dec. 11, 2018.
1. Project “Lime Production Plant” (Premium Class-Story LLP).
Capacity of the project � 75 thousand tons per year;
Place of implementation � Zhanakorgan district;
Jobs � 26 people;
The project started in October 2018.
The volume of investment in fixed assets of the manufacturing industry over the past three years (2015-2018) increased by 2.3 times, gross value added � by more than 12%, export volume of non-primary products � by 22.7%.
In general, about 1.7 trillion tenge of direct investment was invested in the regional economy for 2013�2018. In 2018, the volume of investments increased by 25.5%, where growth was achieved mainly due to the growth in the investment of the funds of enterprises � by 22.4%. Investments in fixed assets amounted to 325.5 billion tenge.
Development of Agricultural Sector: Export of 15 types of high-quality products
In several years the share of agriculture in the structure of the gross regional product of the region increased from 2.5% to 3.7%, which indicates qualitative changes in the structure of the regional economy.
The gross agricultural output amounted to 97.7 billion tenge, or 101.6% of the corresponding period of 2017.
During the reporting period, 36.3 thousand tons of livestock and poultry meat was produced in live weight, milk (cow) � 86.4 thousand tons, eggs � 8.3 million pieces or, respectively, an increase of 3.4%, 1.9% and 23.8% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.
Over the past six years, the list of exported products increased from 3 items to 15. In the last year alone, the volume of exports of agricultural products increased by 27%, and 97% fell to the share of processed products. This is exactly the task that the regional leadership faces � to ensure the processing of raw materials and to enter the foreign market with high-quality products.
In 2016 for the first time in many years, the region renewed the export of melons, in 2017 they began to export vegetables and livestock to the United Arab Emirates, Iran, Mongolia and Uzbekistan, and in 2018 safflower oil was sent to China for the first time.
If in 2017 the region exported 2.2 thousand sheep, then in 2018 the volume of exports of sheep increased four times � 8,191 were sent to the Russian Federation and Iran.
In addition, it is planned to build in Kyzylorda a modern meat-packing plant with a slaughtering capacity of up to 200 heads of cattle and 1,000 heads of small cattle per day in 2019.
Despite the lack of water, in 2018 Kyzylorda rice farmers had a good harvest � 473 thousand tons and reached the markets of Mongolia, Turkey and Afghanistan.
In the past year the region started the production of Iranian varieties besides the traditional types for further export to Iran. Currently, negotiations are underway to ship the first batch � 500 tons of Iranian rice varieties at a price of 810 tenge per kg � four times higher than today’s export prices.
Moreover, given that the development of agriculture is limited to irrigated land, priority is given to increasing the areas of higher-yielding and less water-intensive crops, as well as crops of forage and fodder grain crops to ensure the development of animal husbandry. Thus, in 2018, rice crops were reduced by 3 thousand hectares, and oilseed crops, in particular safflower, were increased from 1,659 hectares in 2013 to 8,404 hectares in 2018. This made it possible to organize the production of safflower oil and in 2018 for the first time to enter the Chinese market with the first batch of this product of 50 tons. A contract on annual deliveries to China for at least 2.4 thousand tons of safflower oil has been concluded. Due to this, it is possible to ensure the growth of exports of crop products by 28%.
Since 2018, the region also began work on the introduction of high-yielding crops, such as soybeans, and forage crops – Sudan grass, sugar sorghum.
In 2019, it is planned to reduce rice crops by another 2,171 hectares, while increasing by 4,068 hectares of forage crops and by 1,293 hectares of potatoes, vegetables, melons and gourds.
Aral Fish: Increase in industrial fish production
The revival of fisheries on the Small Aral and in the surrounding lake systems was facilitated by the implementation of the first phase of the project Regulation of the Syrdarya Riverbed and Preservation of the Northern Part of the Aral Sea. The almost forgotten craft of the fisherman is being revived � the inhabitants of the coastal villages began to go out to sea again, the volumes of industrial fish are growing. There are eight processing plants in the region, they export their products to the countries of near and far abroad. In 2018 in the Aral Sea region, the fishing output amounted to more than 8 thousand tons.
Most of the fish is processed at the processing plants in the region. The annual capacity of these plants is more than 11 thousand tons.
In addition, four companies have the Eurocodes � exporter account numbers � which allow them to export their products to the countries of the European Union.
In 2018 about 3,802.8 tons of fish were exported to such countries as Poland, Holland, Germany, Lithuania, Georgia, Ukraine, Russia and China.
It is worth noting that in 2018 the region first exported 80 tons of fish products to China.
Productive employment: 70% of unemployed and unproductively self-employed found jobs in 2018
2018�2020 in the region declared a three-year support for mass entrepreneurship. As a result of the measures taken, the number of operating small and medium-sized businesses by the end of 2018 increased by more than 13%. In addition, according to the rating, Kyzylorda region was recognized as the best region for ease of doing business and won the Altyn Sapa award.
Within the framework of the comprehensive Road Map for the Development of Mass Entrepreneurship, over 32 billion tenge were attracted from various sources. Thus, over a thousand unemployed and self-employed received microloans totaling 4.3 billion tenge, over 1,000 microbusiness projects were implemented, which made it possible to create more than 1.5 thousand permanent jobs.
Their share in the number of registered subjects was also increased from 75% to 83%. In addition, the number of SMEs whose turnover exceeds 2 million tenge per year increased by 2 times � 24% of the number of existing SMEs.
In 2019, a similar roadmap was developed in the region, within which another 34 billion tenge will be allocated for business development.
In turn, the development of SMEs contributed to the creation of new jobs. In January 2018, a household bypass was conducted in the oblast as a result of which 97.5 thousand unemployed and unproductive self-employed citizens were identified. During the year, 68 thousand or 70% of the unemployed and unproductive self-employed found jobs, 44 thousand of them were involved in productive employment. In 2019 it is planned to engage the remaining 30 thousand people in productive employment.
In general, 29,738 people were employed, including those who found permanent jobs � 19,342 people, 6,613 people were engaged in the paid public work at the expense of local budgets, 2,701 people participated in youth internships, 1,082 people went to social work places. In January � December 2018, 11,384 new jobs were created, including 10,925 permanent ones. The average monthly wage per employee in January � September 2018 was 107% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.
Housing: Annual housing construction increased 2.6 times
For six years, almost 3 million m� of housing was commissioned in the region. Fifteen new neighborhoods were built 2013�2018 only in the regional center. The annual introduction of housing has increased by 2.6 times: if 270 thousand m� were introduced in 2013, then in 2018 � almost 700 thousand m�.
A significant proportion of housing is introduced at the expense of own funds of the population. So, last year, 614 thousand square meters were introduced, individual housing � 36.4% more than in 2017. In the past year, engineering and communications infrastructure was brought to 4.5 thousand plots for individual housing construction, and over the past four years this figure exceeded 28.5 thousand. In 2019 communications will be added to another 3,384 land plots provided for individual housing construction.
In 2018, 70 residential buildings (1,790 apartments) were built at the expense of all sources of financing in the region, 56 of them were leased (1,222 apartments).
In the near future it is planned to develop a special regional program to provide housing for the socially unprotected category of population: large families, disabled people, orphans, etc.
It should be noted that 118 public-private partnership projects are being implemented in all sectors of the economy in the region and the volume of investment in construction is more than 34 billion tenge.
The volume of construction work amounted to 93.3 billion tenge, or 122.1% compared to the corresponding period of 2017.
About 699.6 thousand m� of housing or 114.3% of the corresponding period of 2017 was commissioned.
Transport and logistics: Construction and repair of 132 streets in microdistricts
The freight traffic in January � December 2018 amounted to 104.5 million tons and remained at the same level as in 2017 (100%). The cargo turnover amounted to 14,228.7 million ton-kilometers and, as compared with the corresponding period of 2017, increased by 2.4%.
The region’s motor transport transported 397.4 million passengers or increased by 8.2% to the corresponding period of 2017. Passenger turnover during this period increased by 6.9% and reached 6,977 million km.
In 2019 Kyzylorda will begin implementation of a special regional program Development of Small Roads, under which the construction and repair of 132 streets of Kyzylorda microdistricts will be carried out. For these purposes it is planned to allocate 3.3 billion tenge. It is planned to implement the program in three years.
Education: Issues of emergency and three-shift schools resolved
In education, the issue of emergency schools has been resolved, in exchange for which 37 new schools have been built, two more schools will be built in 2019 to replace emergency schools in Zhanakorgan and Zhalagash districts. The problem of three-shift education in schools has been solved.
Pre-school education covers 100% of children aged 3 to 6 years. It should be noted that 71% of kindergartens are private. Since 2013, the number of such kindergartens has doubled in the region.
In 2017 and 2018, 97% of graduates from Kyzylorda schools enrolled in universities and colleges. Organized training of children in leading technical universities of Russia under the grant of the Government of the Russian Federation, since 2014, 520 children have become their owners. The first 32 students graduated in 2018 and are already working at the enterprises of the region, another 42 continued their studies in the master’s programs. In 2019, 123 students will complete their studies. At the same time, in 2018, 58 more Kyzylorda children entered the universities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.
In addition, since 2013, akim has established a grant to educate children from low-income and large families from rural areas in universities of the country, in 2018 the number of grants increased twofold to 205, today almost 900 young people have become owners of such grants.
Health care: Measures taken to reduce shortage of medical specialists
In 2018, special grants of the regional akim were established to train 30 general practitioners. These measures have been taken to reduce the shortage of medical specialists.
Since 2016, in the five leading universities of Kazakhstan, 42 residents are studying under the grant of the regional akimat. The first 16 qualified doctors are expected to graduate in the necessary specialties for the region in 2019.
In addition, 720 doctors and 767 specialists improved their knowledge and skills in 2018, including in foreign clinics.
It should be noted that last year Kyzylorda region was the first in the country to join the World Health Organization’s European Network Regions for Health, which will help support advanced technologies introduced in Europe, build up the intellectual potential of healthcare and adapt best international practices on primary health care in the region.
Also in 2018, 86% of health facilities were updated in the Kyzylorda region. For six years, instead of emergency, 49 health facilities were built, the construction of the remaining eight is planned in the next two years. Over the past five years, 63% of primary health care facilities have also been updated in the region.
In 2018, three new rural outpatient clinics were put into operation in the villages of Bekbaul, Aral district, Urkandeu, Kazaly district and Akzharma, Syrdarya district, as well as Aral and Kazaly central district hospitals. The construction of the Shieli Central District Hospital is being completed, and the construction of the Zhalagash District Hospital will soon begin.
In addition, a project of a multi-profile hospital for 300 beds, which will include the oncology department in Kyzylorda has started. The project is planned to be implemented in the framework of PPP near the regional center.
Digitization in social sphere: 29 projects implemented
Kyzylorda region is a pilot region for the project “United Duty Dispatch Service 112” in the digitization of the security sector. The project combines all operational services of the region, such as the fire service, police, emergency medical service, emergency gas service and emergency service. So, one call provides the response of the necessary services.
In general, in 2018, digitalization in the region implemented 29 projects in various sectors of the economy. For example, the automated electronic kindergarten system was introduced, which allows parents to track the movement of the queue to receive a child in kindergarten. And for the availability of medical care, the Damumed project has been implemented, within which you can now make an appointment or call a doctor at home, see the prescriptions and results of laboratory tests, etc., without leaving your home.
In addition, in 2018 a regional digital technology department was created in the region. Currently, 52 more digitalization projects are underway in the region.
Culture and Sport: Promoting heritage of Korkyt Ata
In the cultural sphere, an important event for the region was the inclusion of the spiritual heritage of Korkyt Ata in the list of the intangible heritage of UNESCO, this decision was made at the 13th session of UNESCO in November 2018. This work was initiated in the region and was conducted for four years together with Turkey and Azerbaijan.
In the field of physical culture in 2018 in the Kyzylorda region 12 sports complexes were built. Within the PPP framework, five sports complexes were built at the expense of private investors in the villages of Tan, Zhalagash district, Bestam, Shieli district, Tonkiris, Shieli district, in the villages Zhanakorgan and Suttikudyk, Zhanakorgan district.
In 2018, Kyzylorda began the reconstruction of the central stadium named after G. Muratbayev.
In 2018, athletes of the region won 1,343 medals at the championships of Kazakhstan (441 gold, 421 silver and 481 = bronze), and 131 medals at the championships of Asia and the World (47 gold, 43 silver and 41 bronze). The national team of the Republic of Kazakhstan on sports included 470 athletes of the region. The football team Qaisar took the 5th place in the Premier League of the championship of Kazakhstan.
In 2019 in the Kyzylorda region the Kazakhstan Men’s Boxing Championship will take place for the first time, as well as the International Parajudo Tournament, in which 10 countries are expected to participate, including the United States.
Source: The Prime Minister of Kazakhstan