Greenhouse gas emissions of Kazakhstan to drop by 15% by 2030
Mazhilis of the Parliament has approved a draft Law “On Ratification of the Paris Agreement” at the Plenary Session.
“The Paris Agreement was concluded on December 12, 2015, following the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Party may withdraw from this Agreement after three years from its entering into force. This Agreement is of unlimited duration and has a differentiated approach to countries. On August 2, 2016, Kazakhstan decided to accede to the Agreement,” Minister of Energy of Kazakhstan Kanat Bozumbayev said during presenting the draft law.
According to the Minister, as for today, the Paris Agreement has been ratified by 75 countries. This means that on October 5, 2016, conditions required for its entry into force were achieved: at least 55 parties to the conference, which produce at least 50% of total global greenhouse gas emissions, have submitted the ratification documents to the UN depositary. Thus, the Paris Agreement will enter into force on the 30th day, i.e. November 4, 2016.
As the Minister clarified, according to provisions of the Agreement, the 1st meeting of the Parties will take place in Marrakech, Marocco, within the 22nd Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in a period from 7 to 18 November, 2016. The Paris Agreement aims at keeping global warmth in average temperature not exceeding 2 degrees compared to pre-industrial level, reducing vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change at a low level of greenhouse gas emissions, influx of financing for low-carbon development and “green” economy. Under the Agreement, each party states determined at the national level contribution it intends to achieve. Once every 5 years, the countries report on the following contributions determined at the national level. Revision will be directed towards ambitiousness and reflect various national circumstances. For the contribution implementation purposes the parties will be provided support in the form of financial resources, technology development and transfer, as well as capacity building. Kazakhstan has stated its intended contribution in limiting or reducing the greenhouse gas emissions as an unconditional target – 15% and conditional target – 20% by 2030 compared to 1990 base level. According to the Paris Agreement, achieving the stated contribution is not legally binding.
Source: Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan