Government considers new approaches to further development of water supply and sanitation systems
Zhenis Kassymbek reported on the development of water supply and sanitation in settlements. According to him, 494 billion tenge were allocated from the national budget in 2011-2017 under the Regional Development Program until 2020. In cities and villages, 1684 water supply and sanitation projects were implemented. Three hundred and thirty-right projects are envisaged for this year, including 53 projects in the cities, and 285 projects in the villages.
Along with the Regional Development Program, water supply and sanitation projects were implemented within the framework of the Nurly Zhol State Program.
A total of 23 thousand km of networks were built and reconstructed. Over the period from 2011 to 2017, the population’s access to centralized water supply has increased: from 82% to 93.8%in cities, in villages � from 42.5% to 57.4%. Access in cities to centralized water disposal increased from 73% to 88%, in villages � from 8.8% to 11.5%.
In addition, the Head of State instructed to allocate for rural water supply not less than 100 billion tenge annually from all sources.
“To achieve these goals, it is proposed to introduce the following changes in the Regional Development Program: new approaches to further development of the sector, new mechanisms for financing projects, updating indicators,” Minister Kassymbek informed.
The ministry proposes to perform full instrumentation and automation of the water canal processes, which will allow to reduce production losses to 15%, leakage to 2%, due to which the savings will amount to 35.7 billion tenge per year.
It is also planned to reconstruct and modernize existing networks using modern technologies. Until the end of this year, work will be completed on the creation of the Unified Intellectual Information System with the working title “E-Shanyraq,” the implementation of which is being handled by KazCenter Housing JSC. The given system will allow to apply the basic tools of digital economy in housing and communal services (Big Data, Blockchain, IoT, etc.).
Reporting on the planned changes to the Regional Development Program in terms of financing mechanisms, Zhenis Kassymbek noted that the use of return financing mechanisms initiated under the Nurly Zhol Program for the commercialization of the water supply and sanitation sector will continue in urban settlements.
To date, within the framework of cooperation with the EBRD, 13 projects are being implemented for 28.3 billion tenge for the modernization of water supply and sanitation systems. Also, issues of cooperation with the Asian and World Bank for Development on financing the water supply and sanitation sector are being studied.
“Attracting the funds and experience of international financial organizations to the water supply and sanitation sector not only reduces the burden on the state budget, but also improves the management system in utilities, improves financial discipline and speeds up the application of new technologies,” Kassymbek said.
For urban water supply and sanitation, instead of targeted transfers, it was proposed to send the funds from the republican budget to co-finance projects on public-private partnership. At the same time, under the current system, targeted transfers will be allocated only to high priority projects. According to the Minister for Investments and Development, these measures will allow more effective and efficient use of allocated funds.
The ministry plans to revise construction standards by October 1 of this year, taking into account modern design and technological solutions in this industry. In addition, water supply methods will be provided taking into account the population in small villages.
Zhenis Kassymbek spoke about the planned changes in the Regional Development Program until 2020 in the part of indicators. According to the Strategic Development Plan of Kazakhstan by 2025, it is planned to achieve the provision of centralized water supply in cities � 100%, in villages � 80%.
“The set of the above proposals will significantly improve the water supply and sanitation sector of settlements, reduce the burden on the budget and improve the quality of the services provided,” the Minister for Investments and Development Zhenis Kassymbek summed up.
First Vice Minister of Agriculture Arman Yevniev reported on the development of water supply and sanitation systems outside populated areas. Under the Regional Development Program until 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture is engaged in supplying the population with drinking water in the construction and reconstruction of group water pipelines.
“Funds in the amount of 70 billion tenge were allocated for the construction and reconstruction of group water pipelines in 2011-2017. As a result, 44 facilities were put into operation, water supply in 240 rural settlements with a population of 694 thousand people improved,” Arman Yevniev said.
In the current year, about 15 billion tenge have been allocated for the implementation of 15 projects on group water pipelines, 8 of which will be completed this year. As a result, water supply will be improved in 40 villages (in Aktobe, West Kazakhstan, North Kazakhstan, Karaganda and Kyzylorda regions) and in 3 cities (Zhezkazgan, Satpayev, Karazhal) with a population of 148 thousand people
Akims of the regions: Pavlodar � B. Bakauov, Kostanay � A. Mukhambetov, West Kazakhstan � A. Kulginov, Mangistau � Y. Tugzhanov reported on the development of the system of centralized and rural water supply in the regions.
Following the consideration of the issue, Bakytzhan Sagintayev recalled that the Head of State in his Address set the task of increasing the financing of water supply to rural settlements to 100 billion tenge per year. In this connection, a number of specific instructions have been given.
When adjusting the Regional Development Program, it is necessary to update the indicators and amounts of funding for water supply and sanitation.
The Ministry of National Economy together with the Ministries of Finance, Investments and Development, Agriculture, regional akimats were instructed to work out the issue of financing from the republican and local budgets of water supply and sanitation projects in settlements implemented through the mechanism of public-private partnership by July 25, 2018.
Akimats need to develop and approve Integrated Water Supply Plans for rural settlements in consultation with the Ministry for Investments and Development until September 1 of this year, and to submit proposals to the Ministry for Investments and Development for implementing water supply projects in rural settlements through the PPP mechanism until July 1 of this year.
The general coordination is assigned to Deputy Prime Minister U. Shukeyev
Source: The Prime Minister of Kazakhstan