Government considers issues of e-commerce development
Timur Suleimenov reported that since the beginning of the implementation of the main activities under the Digital Kazakhstan State Program and the Roadmap, there has been a positive trend in the development of electronic commerce.
According to official statistics in 2017, the volume of the electronic commerce market of Kazakhstan amounted to 106.9 billion tenge or 1.2 percent of the total retail turnover, an increase of 36.2 percent. According to the operative data of Kazpost JSC, the volume of the e-commerce market for 5 months of 2018 amounted to 101 billion tenge or 2.9 percent of the total volume of retail trade turnover (3.53 trillion tenge).
Timur Suleimenov reported that since early 2018, 110 new subjects of electronic commerce have been registered. At the market there are 1658 online stores, the number of customers has increased by 5%. The industry employs 71,600 workers.
In order to develop digital financial services, the National Bank developed a draft instant payment system with the possibility of using a mobile phone. The purpose of this system is to provide a convenient and affordable tool for interbank payments on simplified requisites online. Testing of the system in the pilot mode is planned in August 2018.
The project “electronic wallet” designed to pay for mobile services was launched in May.
Since 2018, for the development of logistics infrastructure, work has begun on the creation of logistics hubs and sorting centers � the Fulfillment Center. The first center was launched in Astana in April this year. Work in this direction continues. It is planned that the number of processed parcels will increase by 20% from 5.148 million to 6 million, reduction of the delivery time in Kazakhstan from 15 to 6 days and up to 1 day on certain routes by express mail.
Ministry of National Economy drafted a bill “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Trade Regulation,” which aims to systematize the conceptual apparatus and develop mechanisms for the legal regulation of electronic commerce. Adoption of the bill will allow to regulate the relationship between subjects of electronic commerce, to increase the protection of the rights of consumers and entrepreneurs.
As part of the improvement of the legislative framework, the new Tax Code defines the terms “online store”, “internet site”, “electronic merchandise trade.” Also, tax preferences for legal entities and individual entrepreneurs entered into force in a generally established manner, regarding the release of income from the payment of corporate income taxes and individual taxes received in the electronic commerce sector to 0% for a period of five years. These measures, according to the minister of National Economy, will help increase the number of subjects of electronic commerce and the registration of new entities, withdrawal from the shadow turnover.
“Generally, the measures taken will make it possible to develop the sphere of electronic commerce further as one of the priority branches of the economy. The share of e-commerce will increase by 2.6% by 2022, up to 200 thousand jobs will be provided,” Suleimenov believes.
As Minister of Information and Communications D. Abayev noted, the development of electronic commerce, financial technologies and non-cash payments are the main directions of the Digital Kazakhstan State Program.
Ministry of Information and Communications, in conjunction with Zerde Holding, the Government for Citizens, the NIT JSC, Kazpost JSC and local executive bodies, developed and coordinated training programs.
As of May 30, there were 37 issues of the Digital Kazakhstan television program, 22 issues of the Digital Kazakhstan were devoted to the discussion of the development of e-commerce, digitalization in the sphere of housing and communal services and the construction sector.
As a result of the creation of a modern telecommunications infrastructure, the number of internet users in 2017 reached 78.8%. By 2021, most of the rural settlements will be covered by broadband Internet.
“Carrying out the above mentioned measures will significantly affect the development of infocommunication infrastructure, which in turn will create conditions for the development of e-commerce,” Abayev summed up.
In the course of consideration of the issue, deputy chairman of the board of the National Bank of Kazakhstan, Zh. Kurmanov, chairman of the board of Kazpost JSC, S. Sarsenov, chairman of the board of the Atameken NCE, A. Myrzahmetov spoke on measures taken to develop electronic commerce.
Akim of the Aktobe region B. Saparbayev and Kyzylorda region, K.Kusherbayev, reported on the pace of development of online trade in the regions.
Following the results of the matter consideration, Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev noted that e-commerce is defined as one of the priority tasks of the Digital Kazakhstan State Program.
Today’s reports and speeches made it clear that the future belongs to e-commerce. Adopting the State Program, we planned that nearly 200,000 new jobs will appear in this sphere by 2022. In five months of this year, there are 40,000 jobs already. This speaks about the huge potential of online trade. The transit potential of the country must be used, akims who try to develop this sphere should be supported, Sagintayev said.
The control is assigned to the Deputy Prime Minister A. Zhumagaliyev.
Source: The Prime Minister of Kazakhstan