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Wednesday, February 20th, 2019

Government adopts the Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan


During today’s meeting of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan chaired by Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev, the Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan for 2018-2020 was considered and adopted.

Minister of Healthcare Y. Birtanov reported that in Kazakhstan over the past 10 years the death rate decreased by 28.5%. At the same time, despite the implemented measures, there are a number of pressing issues regarding oncological care.

Thus, within the framework of the President’s Address to the people New Development Opportunities in the Conditions of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, in order to reduce the incidence of malignant neoplasms and improve the effectiveness of oncological care, a draft Comprehensive Cancer Control Plan for 2018-2022 was developed.

The main objectives of the Comprehensive Plan are:

– Prevention and management of risk factors;

– Highly effective early diagnosis of cancer;

– Implementation of an integrated model of oncological care;

– Digitalization of cancer care, development of human resources and science.

According to Y. Birtanov, the Comprehensive Plan entails the establishment of the National Scientific Oncology Center in Astana. The main purpose of the Center is to provide oncological assistance in accordance with international standards, conduct research in the field of oncology, develop and implement personalized methods of prevention, early diagnosis and treatment.

Procurement and purchase of medical equipment is planned within the framework of public-private partnership. Currently, the Ministry of Healthcare of the Republic of Kazakhstan, together with potential investors, is working out optimal models and methods for implementing PPP projects within the framework of the Comprehensive Plan.

Private investments will be attracted to implement the Comprehensive Plan. To this end, it is planned to purchase 149 pieces of equipment using public-private partnership mechanisms. The approximate cost of PPP projects is over 40 billion tenge, � Minister of Healthcare Y. Birtanov said.

At the same time, the Ministry of Healthcare is working to implement the artificial intelligence IBM Watson for Oncology. This platform provides oncologists with individual methods of treatment based on evidence-based medicine, access to oncological expertise and foreign medical literature. Upon completion of the pilot project, additional measures will be included in the Comprehensive Plan for the further implementation of artificial intelligence.

As a result of the implementation of the Comprehensive Plan, key figures of early cancer detection comparable to leading OECD countries will be achieved, namely:

– Improved detection of precancerous conditions in screening for cervical cancer up to 0.6% and colorectal cancer up to 23% by 2022;

– Improved detection of early oncological stages up to 33.5%. In particular, there can be expected a raise in the level of detection of first stages of cervical cancer up to 65%, breast cancer up to 45%, colorectal cancer � 25%;

– Decrease in advanced forms of cancer to 7.2%;

– An increase in the five-year survival rate of cancer patients up to 60%.

Director of the Almaty Oncology and Radiology Research Institute D. Kaidarova reported on the Comprehensive Plan, as well as the progress of digitization of oncological care. According to her, within the framework of the project, it is planned to equip medical organizations with modern digital technologies (mamolographs, colonoscopes, etc.). Integration of medical information systems will be carried out, which will allow to standardize the monitoring of patients. It is planned to develop human resources, establish a preclinical research center and a tumor genome research laboratory. The implementation of these activities, according to the Director of the research institute, will elevate oncological care to a fundamentally new level.

In the world, the number of people who develop cancer annually increases. The disease becomes the cause of every sixth death. The most common problem is detection in the late stages of the disease, leading to patients seeking assistance in later stages and, accordingly, the already low effectiveness of treatment.

Akims of Mangystau region E. Tugzhanov, Almaty region – A. Batalov, Pavlodar region – B. Bakauov reported on the measures taken in the regions to improve early diagnosis of oncological diseases and the development of the corresponding infrastructure.

Thus, Aktau is considering constructing a dispensary designed for 100 beds. In the Almaty region, 2 oncology dispensaries are fully operational, 46 doctors examine patients and provide necessary medical assistance. A new oncology clinic for 200 beds has been built in Pavlodar region for the timely provision of medical care.

Source: Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan