Digital Kazakhstan: life becomes better
Over the past year of the Digital Kazakhstan State Program’s implementation many areas of our life underwent positive trends. The legislative base has been improved, optimized approaches to conduct of matters, business and state administration have been developed. At the same time, in order to improve the implementation of the digital agenda of the Government, it was noted that central and local executive bodies should develop a unified methodology for monitoring and evaluating the effects of digitalization. Read more about the implementation of the Digital Kazakhstan program in the piece of the Startegy2050.kz Information Agency.
The Ministry of Information and Communication of Kazakhstan was tasked with determining the potential for digitalisation in certain sectors of the economy and developing a unified methodology for calculating the efficiency of digitalisation projects, taking into account the actual cost reduction, as well as speeding up the development of a draft law on the use of digital technologies with the government agencies and IT community.
According to Minister of Information and Communication Dauren Abayev, the Digital Kazakhstan State Program is implemented in five key areas and includes 17 initiatives and 120 activities. In 2018, the full range of the planned activities (20) was implemented.
Within the first direction – Digitalisation of industries – thanks to the use of the Industry 4.0 elements at the backbone enterprises of the fuel and energy, mining and metallurgical complexes, the following results were achieved:
– labor productivity increased by an average of 10%;
– energy savings of up to 33% were achieved at some industries;
– equipment utilization rate increased to 50%.
Intellectual deposit and Digital mine projects were introduced at seven large mineral deposits. In 2019, it is planned to increase the number of objects using these systems to 12.
In the mining industry, 102 enterprises have begun the transition to the level of the transparent production.
Intelligent Transport System project is implemented as part of the digitalization of transport and logistics. A road asset management system is also implemented, within which 16 mobile road laboratories have been launched.
As part of the digitalization of the agro-industrial complex, elements of precision farming were introduced in 14 pilot farms in the country. This made it possible to reduce the costs of farmers by an average of 15-20% and increase the yield by 2.5 times. In 2019, it is planned to bring the number of smart farms to 500.
Development of online trading is another major direction of the Program. Thus, at the legislative level, tax concessions are provided to e-commerce entities. 331 new e-commerce entities have already taken advantage of them. One of the world’s trends began to develop in Kazakhstan – a contactless payment service using a mobile phone. So, at the end of November 2018, six large banks of the country were connected to the service in a pilot mode, D. Abayev told about the second direction.
Within the Transition to a digital state direction, digitalisation covers all levels of education. 64% of all preschool organizations accept applications in an electronic form. At 94% of schools, pupils use electronic homework diaries and teacher’s grade books. In general, digitisation of the education system has reduced the gap in the quality of education between rural and urban schools by more than 30%.
As part of the digitalisation of the healthcare sphere, 99.2% of the organizations were transferred to paperless medical documents. 16.3 million Kazakh citizens have regional electronic health passports. The visits to a doctor and queues in polyclinics are halved. The time to obtain research results reduced by 2.5. In 2019, it is planned to bring the level of electronic health passports to 100%.
Within the framework of the socialization of the social and labor sphere, the electronic labor exchange is successfully functioning. In 2018, more than 533 thousand applicants were employed through the electronic labor exchange, of which 409 thousand were employed for permanent jobs.
Work continues on the transfer of government services to the electronic format. At present, 506 public services out of 752 have been automated. The terms for providing services have been reduced by 40% from an average of 12 to 7 days. At the same time, paper circulation was reduced by 60 million units of reference documentation. In 2018, the population received 30 million public services in the electronic format. 3 migration, 8 specialized and 16 digital Public Service Centers have been opened. Biometric data collection has been launched in Almaty and Astana. For 2019, it is planned to transfer 80% of public services to the electronic format and open additional 1 digital and 5 migration PSCs.
In the framework of the State Program, special attention is paid to supporting small and medium-sized businesses. In 2018, the ASTANA-1 information system was launched, which allows monitoring of customs procedures and keeping records of payment of duties online. The release of customs declarations has been reduced from several days and hours to 1 minute. As of today, 859 thousand electronic declarations were registered in the system, of which 85% were issued along the green corridor within 1 minute. The systems of Electronic invoices and Labeling of goods, which allow to prevent the shadow transactions in the field of trade, have been implemented.
In general, the digital measures implemented in 2018 already have an economic effect in the amount of 218 billion tenge. The number of new workplaces created due to digitalisation is more than 43 thousand units. But the main result in 2018 is that all work processes have been established, the areas of responsibility of state bodies are clearly distributed, and national and private companies have a vision of the work ahead. Therefore, we are convinced that this year the economic effect from the introduction of new technologies will be even more tangible, D. Abayev reported at the Government meeting.
Minister of Industry and Infrastructure Development Zhenis Kassymbek, in turn, reported that, under the Digital Kazakhstan Program, priority projects are implemented in the following sectors: industry, transport, utilities, geology and subsoil use.
Within the industry digitization in 2018, the Ministry completed an audit at 7 model factories (AltynAlmas, Karlskrona, Kentau Transformer Plant, Almaty Fan Plant, Eurasian Foods, Baltextile, Chimpharm). About 30 events are recommended for each company.
According to Kassymbek, in 2018, a part of the events was already successfully implemented at 2 model factories: Chimfarm JSC and Eurasian Foods JSC.
In 2018, as part of the introduction of digital technology, large companies of the mining and metallurgical complex of Ust-Kamenogorsk Titanium and Magnesium Combine introduced a system for forming and calculating production balances. The modernization of the machine-building production of Maker LLP for the maintenance of mining equipment and the manufacture of metal structures of any complexity has been completed. The processing plant of Aktobe Copper Company LLP has been upgraded with a transition to a full automated production cycle. This year, it is planned to implement 3 projects at Kazzinc LLP, Zhenis Kassymbek noted.
Along with this, work is underway to digitize industrial enterprises in the regions. The Ministry, together with the Governor’s Offices, signed Roadmaps for the introduction of digital technologies at medium and large industrial sites. This year, active work will be continued on digitization of more than 100 enterprises.
Within the Digitization of transport and logistics, the project Intelligent transport system, which allows to solve a number of issues on the management of the road and transport complex, is in the process of implementation.
12 special automated measuring tools were introduced for automation of transport control. Until the end of this year, it is planned to launch another 11 special automated measuring instruments on new paid sites. By 2021, their total number is planned to be increased to 46 units. In the field of passenger traffic, in order to ensure compliance with the schedule, route and regularity, the Dispatching System for interregional and international passenger bus transportation has been launched in the pilot mode. By the end of 2019, over 2,000 buses will be involved via 416 routes, the Minister told about digitalization projects.
To improve the condition of the roads, in the pilot operation the Road Asset Management System was introduced, which predicts the necessary investments and the technical condition of the roads depending on the chosen repair strategy. The system until 2020 will fully cover the network of roads of national importance (24.1 thousand km), and in the future it is planned to expand it to local roads (72.8 thousand km).
As part of the implementation of the E-SHANYRAQ project, at the end of 2018, the Unified Information System of the housing and utilities sector was launched in pilot mode. As a result, electronic technical passports of 5,217 apartment houses were brought into the system and 5,767 different metering devices were connected.
Of 166 pilot apartment buildings, 58 are equipped with house-wide metering devices and transmit the readings to the system. There is a decrease in payment for heat by 41%, the average economic effect for December from 58 houses was more than 11 million tenge, and by the end of the heating season more than 44 million tenge is expected to be saved.
A unified construction information system E-QURYLYS is introduced in the construction industry. The system allows the blockchain mode to control all stages and processes of construction, ranging from the pit to the completion of the construction of the object. Testing started in pilot mode at real sites in Astana.
The Minister noted that the control and supervision authorities will be able to remotely monitor the work every day and issue comments in writing.
If necessary, this system allows to involve bodies of emergency situations (fire service), health inspection services and labor inspection. In general, the implementation of the above measures contributes to improving the efficiency of the economic sectors, the Minister added.
It should be noted that in December 2017 the Government of Kazakhstan approved the digitalization program. It is designed for the period 2018-2022 and is aimed at accelerating the pace of economic development of the country and improving the quality of life of the population through the use of digital technologies
Source: Kazakhtan 2050