Bakytzhan Sagintayev holds meeting on issues of technical and vocational education: It is necessary to train personnel ahead of schedule
At the meeting, the main aspects of the development and prospects of technical and vocational education in Kazakhstan were considered. In particular, the issues of improving the quality of personnel training, expansion of dual education, profiling, development of the educational and material base, providing industrialization projects with labor resources, establishing a Fund for TVE Development and Competence Centers, as well as attracting foreign investors to training personnel were discussed.
According to the Ministry of Education and Science, the vocational education system faces a number of challenges that require immediate action. The entire training system is being transformed in accordance with the needs of the Industry 4.0 and taking into account the social orientation of the education. Today, a fundamentally new TVE model is being formed, the main tasks of which are defined by the State Program for the Development of Education until 2020 and the Program for Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship.
“Over the past two years, we have translated 500 key foreign textbooks required for the TVE system. They will be based on the teaching of special disciplines. About 10,000 teachers and masters have been trained in new content, 5,200 will attend this year, and the last group of 5,200 will be trained in 2019. That is, we will provide colleges with new programs and teachers, who understand them, and basic textbooks. To update the content based on WorldSkills requirements for all 246 specialties, modular programs have been developed, the contents of the programs and the expected competencies are coordinated with employers. Now we need to actively implement them,” Minister of Education and Science Yerlan Sagadiyev reported.
According to the minister, to work out industrialization projects with human resources, a training map has been developed. Thus, in the eight major projects of the mining and metallurgical industry, the expected demand for cadres in the number of 3,411 people is covered by training in 15 colleges with an expected
As Sagadiyev noted, in order to expand dual training, Atameken National Chamber of Entrepreneurs will continue to attract college students to professional practice by identifying a tutor from production. In addition, the involvement of Kazakhstani and foreign investors in the training of personnel is proposed through the creation of a Fund for the Support of the Development of vocational education. Examples of the functioning of such funds are available in a number of countries. The content of the Fund is formed at the expense of Kazakh and foreign companies.
Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population Madina Abylkassymova reported on the creation of the National System for Forecasting the Need for Personnel.
To date, three basic models of forecasting have been built: demographic (up to 2050), medium-term forecast for five years, and expected short-term demand for labor resources for the coming year.
“For the long-term forecast period under the baseline scenario, by 2030 the population of Kazakhstan is expected to grow to 20.8 million people, and by 2050 � up to 25.8 million people, or 43% over the previous year. The number of people classified as able-bodied age will be 15.1 million in 2050, compared to 10.9 million in 2017. The number of people ready for work, that is, the workforce, is expected to reach 11.3 million people by 2050, which is 26% higher than the corresponding indicator in 2017,” the minister said.
Minister for Investments and Development Zhenis Kassymbek reported on preparation of personnel for the Industry 4.0.
According to him, of human resources is an important factor for the implementation of Industry 4.0. This refers to skilled workforce, in particular, in the field of engineering, computer science, as well as production technologies at all skill levels. Industry 4.0 has a significant impact on the characteristics of labor in the industrial sector. Due to the fact that Industry 4.0 requires fundamentally new skills for employees, part of jobs disappear over time (production and service) and new professions appear (ICT specialties: data management, data security, software development, data analysis, etc.). At monotonous, routine and dangerous works human labor is replaced by industrial robots, whose work should be coordinated by specialists � robotics and coordinators of industrial robots.
Deputy Chairman of the Board of the Atameken Chamber of Entrepreneurs Eldar Zhumagaziyev told about effective tools for the development of technical and vocational education.
Akim of Kyzylorda Region Krymbek Kusherbayev and Pavlodar Bulat Bakauov also reported on the situation in their regions in the selector mode.
Representatives of the Kazakhstan Foreign Investors’ Coucil Association also shared their recommendations and proposals. Among them are the Chairman of the Association, Director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Kazakhstan A. Preimanis, co-chairman of the council’s working group on the implementation of the investment policy from the foreign side, managing partner for Kazakhstan and Central Asia of the company EY E. Dosymbekov, President of ENI in the Central Asian region V. Luki, Director of the representative office of RUSAL Kazakhstan V. Smirnov and others.
Summing up the meeting, Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev noted that the Head of State Nursultan Nazarbayev in his Address set the task of ensuring the implementation of the Third Modernization of Kazakhstan. It is necessary to take all measures for a timely and gradual transition to a new model of economic growth.
“This is a huge task, if we do not prepare for this, naturally, we will not advance and remain at the same level. Modernization passes very quickly, so you need to prepare the staff for advance. Today, there is one technology, and in two years another technology will come. We need to equip colleges together, an exemplary college should function in every region, so that the rest can learn and experience. It is very important that the invited teachers share their experience and the necessary qualifications with local teachers. In all areas, work needs to be developed,” the Prime Minister said.
Sagintayev instructed the ministries together with akimats and investors to create the appropriate roadmap.
Source: The Prime Minister of Kazakhstan