A system of national forecasting of labor resources is created in Kazakhstan
Technological innovations dramatically change the appearance of the labor market over the years. Each economic period puts forward its demands for education. The system of technical and vocational education should train specialists for the needs of the market with direct participation of the industry. In this regard, the National Qualifications Framework can serve as a kind of bridge for effective employment in the economy. Effectiveness of this system will depend on the joint work of interested state bodies, industry associations and the National Chamber of Entrepreneurs. The Government discussed technical and vocational education. Read more in the following article.
Minister of Education and Science of Kazakhstan, Kulash Shamshidinova said that the overall staffing, including the need for future professions, the lack of professional standards in all areas, the low contingent, and the low level of technical and vocational training facilities have an impact on training quality.
“As a result, employers are not satisfied with the quality of their specialists. Our young people need to involve employers in the system of technical and vocational education, primarily for training and advanced training. It is known that the role of the dual education system in the preparation of a qualified specialist is significant. And the share of students covered by this system is only 19.8 percent. In the opinion of employers, its development hinders the loss of enterprise expenses in organizing the practice, ensuring responsibility for pupils’ safety, “K. Shamshidinova.
He also suggested to compensate the costs of enterprises involved in dual training.
“It is also important to ensure that all students have the opportunity to pass internships at enterprises at the same time as they take courses of safety and industrial safety and test their production requirements. It is important to consider other ways of stimulating industry. In this regard, we propose to consider the nominations “The Best Enterprise Introducing Dual Training System”, “The Best Curator” and “The Best College of Technical Personnel Training” in the “Altyn Sapa” measure, “K. Shamshidinova said.
In addition to expanding the dual education system, it is also necessary to develop the transfer of trust to colleges without the right to purchase.
“The organizational and legal form of the colleges, the outdated material and technical base, and the existing curricula may hamper this process. Therefore, our Ministry will consider flexible curriculums that will allow the content of education to be closely linked to the practice of the economy and the labor market, which will allow identifying secondary and special subjects. There is another issue to be addressed. We are witnessing that new technologies are rapidly being introduced and quickly introduced into production. In this case, the role of human beings in the formation of a specialist has a great role in the formation and learning of knowledge, accumulation and effective decisionmaking, “the Minister said.
The Minister gave an example of Armenia’s experience in this regard.
“For example, in Armenia there is a TUMO center for learning IT technologies for children. Our businessmen would also be able to provide a great deal of support in the field of education that would be interesting on the one hand, and on the other hand, useful extracurricular activities. We also take into account the WorldSkills requirements in determining the content of the training. This year our national team will take part in 31 world championships in October in Kazan, “he said.
Also, according to K. Shamshidinova, Minister of Education and Science, suggested to identify the incentive component of enterprises and institutions to expand the scope of trust.
“More than 150 industry leaders in various sectors of the economy, technicians, technology oriented universities, the best colleges are enthusiastic about participation in trust management. This will bring the curriculum into line with the requirements of the labor market, and organize the practice of students in the production of new technologies based on new technologies. We all know that cooperation, partnership and prosperity are the way to life, “the Minister said.
At the same time, it was suggested to determine the amount of incentive component of trust management at the level of 19.8 MCI.
“Today, five colleges in Pavlodar and Almaty oblasts have been put into operation by the enterprises. Among them are the experience of the Agrodamu Limited Liability Partnership. Famous APEC PETROTECHNIC College intends to entrust the two oil and gas colleges in the Atyrau Oblast to trust. This educational institution works with international standards such as NCER (optional), OPITO (Opito), IIW, Cambridge University. Companies such as TCO, SFC, Agip, FIRCROFT, Halliburton (Hellberry) have expressed their confidence in the college and closed their own training centers. This college is sending its employees for advanced training and retraining, “the Minister said.
The Minister also noted that the attraction of enterprises to the system of technical and vocational education was supported by the National Chamber of Entrepreneurs “Atameken”.
“On the basis of them a project office will be created and monitored. Entrepreneurs will offer incentives for enterprises, especially simplified credit and tax issues,” he said.
In this regard, K. Shamshidinova asked for revision of the guarantee fee for participation in the tender for trust management of colleges, as well as additions to the rules for determining the criteria for selection of trust managers.
“We all know the necessity of improving the system of colleges in our country. Local executive authorities are working on this issue. For example, NurSultan has consolidated three colleges, depending on the profile of colleges. There are 41 colleges in Aktobe, Akmola, Zhambyl, Kostanai, Karaganda, Pavlodar and North Kazakhstan oblasts. Today, private colleges are also involved in training. The state order is provided through per capita financing. Its share in private colleges is 21%. The volume of government orders issued to private colleges has increased 1.6 times over the last 5 years, “said the Minister of Education and Science.
Interested agencies should work together to train highlyqualified professionals.
In this regard, K. Shamshidinova asked you to support the implementation of the following measures:
Establishment of a single interagency center for national qualifications;
identification of labor market demand for personnel, formation of a list of future professions;
Completion of professional standards development, defining the qualification framework in each area;
Establishment of independent certification centers of qualifications;
to ensure the change of the organizational and legal forms of colleges, allowing financial independence and collegial management;
further review of the distribution of public order, taking into account the development of regional economy;
Consideration of an incentive component for each student in trust colleges;
“In turn, we will continue to integrate our Ministry’s educational programs, improve the quality of teaching literature and teaching materials, train and train teachers and pedagogical staff, and improve their qualifications. As a result of partnerships between education and training, to train teachers and production instructors, to develop a college management and a new marketing format, workers with access to mentoring in the supply. At the same time, graduates have the opportunity to get a job in their specialty, “the Minister said.
The proposed measures will improve the quality of staff training taking into account the requirements of the labor market.
Minister of Labor and Social Protection Berdybek Saparbayev in his turn said that the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan K.Tokayev set the Government seven tasks on implementation of the employment policy of the state on May 17 this year.
“One of the tasks is to provide the country’s economy with competent professionals who have a high level of competence and mobility. It is expected that by 2025, the population will increase to 19.8 million, and the workforce will be 9.8 million people. Significant changes will be made in the labor market on the arrival and departure of the labor force, “the Minister said.
More than 680 thousand people are expected to be dismissed due to the retirement age until 2025. On average, approximately 200,000 people go on a maternity leave every year, and about 100,000 retire.
“The proportion of young people who come to the labor market is growing, about 180,000 in average per year, technical and vocational education and graduates of higher education institutions. It is necessary to provide them with the most demanded skills and sufficient number of primary employment. By 2025 there may be structural imbalances connected with the deficit of personnel with average qualification, the demand for lowskilled labor will be reduced, and the labor force will increase, “B.Saparbayev said.
According to the Minister, the additional demand for personnel is expected to be more than 573 thousand people, and the number of highskilled and highlyqualified jobs is expected.
“The key requirement for hired workers is expected to be trade and education, and electricity, electricity, and other areas of activity will be minimized. In the regions, the main need for hired workers is expected in Turkestan, Shymkent, NurSultan and Almaty, “B. Saparbayev said.
The number of employed people with vocational education increased by 38% and amounted to 6.5 million people, with 3.2 million jobs with technical and vocational education. up to 38%, up to 40% for people and 3.4 million with higher education.
“By 2025 there may be a structural imbalance associated with the deficit of qualified personnel, lower demand for labor and demand for labor. Today, 28% of large and medium employers offer professional development programs to their employees, as a result only 3.4% of the employed people will undergo a retraining program or improve their qualifications, “the Minister said.
B. Saparbayev stayed in some key areas.
“By the end of 2019, a system of national forecasting of labor resources will be created to address the need for staffing in the labor market. Its main task is to forecast labor supply in the labor market and to form demand for the staff needed for the economy,” he said.
The National Forecasting System will also be based on the demographic model up to 2050, the macroeconomic model of the labor market up to 2025 and the threelevel methodology based on the shortterm forecast for the next two years.
“Today, it is planned to conduct interaction with all public authorities, algorithms and methods of calculating common rules, as well as forming a shortterm forecast together with the National Chamber of Entrepreneurs” Atameken “, it is planned to conduct surveys for employers.”
In general, the results of the national forecasting system will be used by the organizations of shortterm training and retraining when formulating the state educational order for training of specialists with technical and professional, as well as higher and postgraduate education,
“The second direction of development of the national qualification system will ensure qualification of labor resources to the needs of the labor market. Today the necessary regulatory framework for the introduction of the national qualifications system has been created. National Qualifications Framework, which defines 8 qualification levels based on the European qualifications framework, has been fully complemented since January 2018 new professions classifier was introduced, where 12 thousand occupations and positions were covered, “B. Saparbayev said.
The minister said that currently 106 professional standards have been worked out, where employers have the requirements to the employees’ knowledge, skills and competence.
“This year it is planned to develop and approve 480 professional standards and 38 industry spheres in 12 priority sectors. In the meantime, the problems identified as insufficient quality of the documents developed, formal participation of employers and state bodies, as well as lack of qualified experts. In order to involve branch employers in the development of professional standards, a project team was formed from the heads of sector ministries, “B.Saaparbayev said.
According to the Minister, the project team will focus on the development of 480 professional standards and preparation of educational programs based on mandatory 100 service and industrial professions, which will be in demand until the end of this year.
“For the further development of the qualifications system, the Ministry is developing a roadmap for the development of the national qualifications system, which will be adopted in the second half, with the involvement of international experts. It is planned to introduce a threestage management model for transition to a unified system of certification and qualification: National Competitiveness Body industry councils, ” said B. Saparbayev.
Responsibility for the functioning of the certification and recognition system will also be entrusted to the National Competency Authority.
“The Ministry develops a concept of a draft law on professional qualifications, together with government agencies and the National Chamber, to achieve the set goal by the end of the year. In general, the level of qualification and employment should become the main indicators in this direction. Therefore, I ask the state bodies to give special control over the development and approval of professional standards by the end of the year, “B. Saparbayev said.
In turn, Prime Minister Askar Mamin said that he supports the initiatives proposed by the ministries.
“Today, the Minister of Education made suggestions for improvement of vocational education system. We support them. In the modernization of this system, it is necessary to take into account the socioeconomic factors, as well as the availability of territorial accessibility, multidisciplinary and effective training institutions, and the demand for graduates. Therefore, business and higher education institutions are interested in this issue first, “Mamin said.
The Prime Minister also said that while the leaders of the economy and energy companies are planning to get about 150 colleges for their trust management, the universities are ready to get about 50 colleges.
“We need to support these initiatives and develop concrete partnership conditions. I instruct the Ministry of Education and Science, together with NEP “Atameken”, to create a project office. Second, it is necessary to strengthen the work on introduction and expansion of dual education. Businesses need to open centers at colleges. It can bring jobs to college graduates and ensure employment of graduates. These centers have successful experience in building colleges, “he said
Head of Government. A.Mamin instructed the Ministry of Labor and other government agencies to complete the development of 480 professional standards by the end of the year, and make proposals on modern regulation of professional qualifications.
According to the Head of the Government, enterprises can open centers on the basis of colleges in order to strengthen the work on introduction and expansion of dual training. It can bring jobs to colleagues to work and guarantee job placement for graduates. Successful experience in this direction, Kazakhmys Corporation opened such centers at the Mining Technology College in Satpayev, Polytechnic College in Balkhash.
“It is necessary to implement the President’s instruction on modernization of 180 colleges and 20 higher education institutions and introduction of international experience in the training of the most demanded 100 professions,” A. My mother
The Head of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan drew the attention of akimats of the region to the necessity of participation in the WorldSkills international project and creation of all conditions for participation in this movement in the regions for development of work competencies. An additional mechanism can be extracurricular organizations where children’s skills will be shaped, for example, in programming, mobile applications and projects.
Summing up the problem, Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin instructed to develop measures on forecasting demand for personnel, modernization of colleges and educational programs, and improvement of the formation of the state educational order.
“Everyone needs to be sure that he / she can get a job that is in demand and then get a job,” he said. My mother
Source: Kazakhtan 2050